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Place Names of Salem County N.J. by Josephine Jaquett and Elmer VanName
Place Names of Salem  County is a good tool for those investigating the History of Salem County as well as an interesting Introduction to that topic.  Like almost all place name books it is possibly  incomplete and on occasion irritatingly cryptic.  Nevertheless, it is an indispensable guide to John Fenwick's county.

Readers should note that this was written in 1964 and that  persons, places, things and situations mentioned in the text as being current may not be around anymore.  Page numbers were retained for citation purposes and are located at the top of the pages.   If you spot errors or wish to add additional information or entries please let us know. Finally, sharp eyed readers will notice that this is actually a large excerpt from a larger publication.  Persons interested in owning the entire thing or even this piece of it should go to the Salem County Historical Society web site where they may purchase the book online.

81-83 Market St., Salem, N. J.

Vol. 2 No. 4



Table of Contents

Bibliography and Code......Inside front cover


Place Names, Salem County, N. J. .........2

19 Wills at Salem County Historical Society...66

Salem County Historical Society-History of, ..77

Index of Names of Persons...........79





It is unfortunate that some of the early records of the various counties
of New Jersey are apparently missing. Salem County is no exception;
nevertheless, a great amount of information is available in the New
Jersey Archives; the various State Offices in Trenton; the offices of
County Clerk and Surrogate in Salem, N. J.; the New Jersey Historical
Society, Newark, N. J.; the Pennsylvania Historical Society,
Philadelphia, Penna.; the Vineland Historical and Antiquarian Society,
Vineland, N.J.; the Cumberland, Camden, and Gloucester County
Historical Societies; as well as the library and. manuscript department
of this Society. It is in the latter connection that this booklet is written,
bringing to light possibly some hitherto unpublished and unrecorded
facts. It is hoped that this publication will prove to be of value to those
engaged in research. Other booklets are planned, including an
inventory of numerous manuscripts, surveys and survey maps.

Those who possess old Bibles, deeds, documents, books, genealogical
records, maps, manuscripts, diaries, assessment rolls, minute books,
marriage certificates, newspapers, scrap books, and the like, might well
be concerned about their safety and their preservation. The Salem
County Historical Society, which already has a large collection of such
things, will be pleased to accept additional items for storage in its new
vault and their consequent protection against the awful risks of fire
and theft, and the ravages of rodents. The vault, of fireproof
construction, has no windows, has a steel safe door, and metal shelving,
and even the humidity is under automatic control as a deterrent
against the deterioration of ageing.

Appreciation is extended to Miss Josephine Jaquett for her labors in
the compilation of this present work, and to Dr. Elmer G. Van Name
for his help in bringing it to fruition.

Salem County Historical Society

Harold E. Woodward, Ph.D.

May 1, 1964.



It has been the endeavor to list, as far as possible, both the long
forgotten names and places in Salem County, as well as the present
communities, villages, streams, roads, etc. Particular attention has been
given to the old plantation names and locations in Salem Tenth. It was
the custom of the first purchasers of land in Fenwick's Colony to assign
plantation names to their newly acquired property. These names were
sometimes fanciful, but more often were reminiscent of old home sites
left overseas. The various lakes, ponds, townships, etc. will be found
under appropriate groupings.

In many instances there can be no hard and fast rule regarding either
the spelling or more than a general location. Early spelling was mostly
phonetic and subject to the individual ear. Boundaries have changed;
farm lands, and sometimes older villages have been converted, or
submerged, into new or larger settlements and industrial sites; many
old roads, which were not too definite in the first place, have either
disappeared entirely or have been rerouted; streams have dried up or
changed their courses. Dams have been built and lakes established; or,
on the other hand, allowed to go to ruin, with only faint clues left as to
their actual location. Then again, some of the names have been
changed or suggested from time to time by the Post Office

In view of these uncertainties and later inaccuracies, the New Jersey
Archives, as well as old deeds, papers, maps and surveys in possession of
the Salem County Historical Society are quoted herein, so that original
sources will give the locations as shown on the actual records. An
additional advantage possibly to be gained by quoting the original
papers is that information of a genealogical nature is often shown. If,
however, "exact" bounds of any spot are desired, it will be necessary to
consult the documents themselves. Many of the places may be seen on
various maps, such as the map in the "History of New Jersey" by
Thomas F. Gordon (1834) ; the Atlas of Everts & Stewart (l876);,and
the map of Salem County, prepared under the authority of the Salem
County Board of Freeholders, 1958.

Cumberland County was set off from Salem County January 19, 1748.
Places in Cumberland County have, therefore, been generally omitted.
Some place names in Cumberland County can be found in the
"Vineland Historical Magazine - Vol. 23, page 37.

No attempt has been made to give the entire history of places
mentioned. Over the years the original tracts have been divided and
sub-divided, and properties have changed hands at an amazing rate.




ABBOTT'S CREEK - Elsinboro Township. An 1848 map shows this
small creek as flowing south and emptying into Alloway Creek.

- Mannington Township. A flag-stop on the
W.J.&S.S.R.R. on the cross-road from Mannington Hill to the Quinton

- The early name of a small branch of Alloway Creek
running into Elsinboro. A survey map dated 1676 shows it as bounding
Amwelbury and Salem. (SCHM-115). "1676, Sept. 11 - Return of
survey to Edward Champneys of New Salem, joiner, 1968 acres in the
half allotment of Allowayes, along a small creek, dividing this tract
from Malster's plantation, adjoining Nicholson's and along Ademeses
and Allowayes Creeks." (NJA-21:54l).



- "1702, April 28. Deed. Adam Balidridge, of 3-lea
Co gentleman, to John Jones, of New Castle, Pennsylvania, innkee5' for
an island in the Delaware River near Salem called Adams Forest (NJA-

- A survey dated 1790 shows a stretch of meadow
along Salem Creek known as Adams meadow. (SCH:1-75)

- In 1797, eleven lots were laid out in Adams Town - a
section west of Alloway at the junction of the "Salem and Swedes
Bridge Road". The original purchaser is shown as John Greenfield. The
map shows a tiny drawing of the Friends' Meeting House at Alloway.

- Lower Alloway Creek Township. A cove along the
Delaware marshes

- Oldma.n's Creek - which see.

- At the junction of Friesburg road to the south, Daretown to
the north, Elmer to the east and Alloway to the west. Until about 1869,
the settlement was known as Nazareth. It then became known as
Watson's Corner, named after John F. Watson. Around 1880, when the
post-office was established, the name was changed to Aldine. It
formerly contained a blacksmith shop, a wheelwright shop and a shoe
shop. The Aldine Methodist Church was organized in 1841.

- One of the water courses in Elsinboro,
crossing the Oak Street road out of Salem - between the present findee
Corners (formerly called Sheppard's Corners) and Middle Neck (the
Isaac Smart farm, now owned by Champion C. Coles.)

- Pittsgrove Township, near Norma. Settled in 1882 by a
group of Jewish immigrants escaping religious persecution.

- The early name of this hustling community was
Thompson's Bridge, in honor of Benjamin Thompson, who was in
charge of the Wistarburg Glass plant nearby. Then it became known as
Allowaystown, a name it bore until 1882, when it was contracted to
Alloway. At least two shipyards were located on the creek near Alloway
in the early 1800's, and at that time the town supported two
flourishing hotels and a number of stores. At various dates the village
has contained a grist mill, canning factory, bark mill, a chair and
brush manufactury, as well as a number of saw mills, grist mills and
fulling mills on nearby ponds.

The nickname "Tadmore" has also been applied to the community.
Thirty years ago, when Salem newspapers ran a series of articles called
"How It Got That Name", Mrs. Hannah Anderson Higgins, of
Hutchinson, Minn., stated that her father gave Alloway the nickname
of Tadmore. He was a local gentleman given to much writing, and
commenced his communications, especially to the newspapers, with
"Tadmore in the wilderness" - a biblical reference (Second Book of
Chronicles 8:4) to a city built by Solomon in the 10th century B.C.

- See Monmouth Precinct - Also

- From early times, Alloway Creek has been an
important waterway in Salem County. Along its banks many of the
first plantations were established, ship-building was carried on, and
mills of various kinds flourished on its branches. Alloway Creek has
had at least six names:

Aloes River or Creek

Cotton River - said to be so-named by the early New Haven Colony
because of the cottonwood trees along its banks. The name could also
be a corruption of Korten River

Short River or Korten River - so-called by the Dutch when they gained
possession of the Delaware River. One of the early maps shows this as
Korten River - "Kort" being Dutch for "short".




Monmouth (or Munmouth) River - takes the name from Monmouth
Precinct, which comprised Lower and Upper Alloway Creek
andQuinton townships. This name was given the precinct by John
Fenwick in honor of the Duke of Monmouth.

Roiter's River - So-called in a paper prepared by Judge John Clement.

ALLOWAY JUNCTION - The junction near Alloway of the Salem
branch of the W.J.S.S.R.R. with the Alloway-Quinton and the Elmer
branches, which latter two lines have now been discontinued.

AMWELBURY - (spelled many ways in the old deeds and surveys).
(AG 35:16l). Amwelbury has been defined as that section of Elsinboro
lying south of Salem between the Yorke Street and Oak Street roads.
(SM) Two-thirds of the tract lay in Elsinboro, the remainder in Lower
Alloway Creek Township, the line running obliquely across the
tract.(C&S). A survey map made in 1809 by William White recites the
title and bounds of Amwelbury back to 1676 (SCo:-47). The tract
originally consisted of 2,000 acres. There the name Arnwelbury cane
from is not known, but there is a possibility it could have been a
variation of Aldmonsbury, as shown in the following deed: 'June 7,
1675 - Patent. John Fenwick to Edward Champney, late of
Aldmonsbury, Co. of Glocester, joiner, and wife Priscilla, for 2,000
acres in Ffenwick's Colony.' (NJA 21:561).

"Jan. 29, 1682-3 - Deed. Edward Champneys, of Munmouth River, alias
Allaways Creek, West Jersey, joiner, to John Smith, of Amwellberry,
jurisdiction of New Salem, West Jersey, yeoman, and wife Mary, for
700 acres along the southside of Salem bounds between Roger Milton,
Samuel Nicholdson, William Sirredge, John Denn and grantor, to
whom and his late wife Priscilla, to is was granted in a 2,000 acre tract
June 7, 1675." (NJA-2l:575).

Will of John Smith, of Amwelbury, Salem Co., weaver, January 20,
1690-1, lists "home farm, 300 acres, south of Josias Feud'. A re-survey
map of 1743 shows 816 acres. (SCHM-34) (SCHSU-l30)

- A stream in Elsinboro between Mill
Creek and Elsinboro Point.

- A map of the old and new road from
Salem to Quinton shows Angello's Causeway as a continuation of Kent
St. over the Keasbey meadows. (SCHM-40). See also Salem - Old
Streets of.

ANNÕS GROVE - (Anne's Grove or Annis Grove) - Ann's Grove was a
tract of several hundred acres in Elsinboro, south of Elsinboro Point
and bordering on the Delaware River. The property now is mostly
lowland and marsh, and the name has long since been lost. The land
thru which Straight Ditch flows is part of Ann's Gove. "1685, Aug. 10.
Deed. Samuel Hedge, of Hedgefield, Salem Tenth, West Jersey,
recorder, and wife Anna, to Roger Milton, of Windham, said Tenth,
yeoman, for 350 acres at the head of Locus Creek near Elsenburgh,
called Anne's Grove, between Samuel Nicholson, Kymball S Point and
John Thompson." (NJA-21:580).

ANTONEY'S CREEK - "Deed. Feb. 10, 1684-5. William Penn to Ard
Johnson, of Salem Tenth, planter, for 200 acres on Delaware River and
Antoney's Creek. "(NJA-21:644).


ARNOLD POINT - Shown on present maps as a spot on the Delaware
marshes in Lower Alloway Creek Township, near Bayside.

ARTIFICIAL ISLAND - Man-made Islands in the Delaware River off
the mouth of Alloway Creek, finished in 1904 - the purpose o' which
was to divert the full force of the tidal flow of the River into the ship
channel in order to deepen that channel, as well as to reduce the
frequency of shoals. The islands comprise 536 acres. A line of relics of
First World War ships have been sunk here as a protective barrier for
pipe line dredging by the Army Corps of Engineers.

ASAMHOCKING CREEK - (Spelled many different ways). The Indian
name for Salem River - which see.

ASOHOHOCHING POINT - In Elsinboro - the site of the first English
settlement in the County by the unfortunate New Haven Colony which

ASH CREEK - A tributary in the northern part of Oldman's

AUBURN - Oldman's Township - In the south-eastern part of the
township on Oldman's Creek. The Everts & Stewart Atlas of 1876
states that the original name of this community was Lockerton. It later
became known as Sculltown, in honor of Gideon Scull, Jr., who
engaged in the mercantile business here. The village at one tine
contained a coal yard, a blacksmith shop, and several stores. During
the summer season, tug boats plied between here and Philadelphia,
carrying shipments of produce.

AVIS MILL ROAD - Pilesgrove Township. The road out of Woodstown
to Camp Karney, on which road the Avis mill is located.



BACK CREEK - (Cumberland County) - The first little stream below
Cohansey Creek.

BACON'S ADVENTURE - (Cumberland County) - The original
plantation of Samuel Bacon, near Greenwich. "1682, Nov. 22 - Deed.
John Adams, of Hedgefield, N. J., planter, and wife Elizabeth - to
Samuel Bacon, of Woodbridge, East Jersey, seaman, for 260 acres, part
of Jacob Young's Neck, hereafter to be called Bacon's Adventure, on
Chohanzey River." (NJA-21:573). "1683, June 25. An Indian deed from
Shaukamun and Et hoe, to Samuel Bacon, Sr., of Woodbridge, East
Jersey, yeoman, for 400 acres between a fast landing on Chohanzey
Creek, called Jacob Young's Neck, and hereafter Adventure, George
Haslewood and the Island Creek." (NJA-2l:575)

BAILEYTOWN - A settlement on the outskirts of Woodstown.

BALDRIDGE'S CREEK - An 1848 map shows Baidridge's Creek as
flowing south thru Lower Penn's Neck Township into Salem Cove and
the Delaware River.

BALLINGER'S POND - A beautiful mill-pond on the road from
Aldine to Daretown. The old mill, which was razed in 1936, was said to
have been over two hundred years old. It was operated for sixty-two
years by Stephen Ballinger.

THE BARRENS - Thomas Gordon, in his "Historical Gazetteer" in
1834, writes: "The forest known as 'The Barrens' runs thru this
township (now known as Alloway Township), producing much white
oak and pine wood for market, which finds its way to Philadelphia by
Alloways Creek." This tract of comparatively poor soil begins in the
vicinity of Burden Hill and stretches eastward.

BARRENTON HOUSE - This was the name of Benjamin Vining's hone
in Mannington in 1735. (SCHSCR-19:l28)



BARRINGTON NECK - Mentioned in an old deed dated 1795 as being
located in Mannington Township. (JDll50)

BASSETT ROAD - Mannington Township. A cross-road between the
Salem-Woodstown and the Pointers-Sharptown roads.

BASTOWE CREEK - Lower Penn's Neck Township. "1679, Oct. 12 -
Patent. John Renwick to Matthyas Johnson, of West Fenwick
Township, planter, Andrea Anderson, Lawrence alias Lance Cornelious
and Annica Henricks, for 600 acres between the mouth of Bastowe
Creek on the south, Purling Creek on the north and Fenwick's River
on the East." (NJA-2l:568)

BATTEROAKE LANE - Lower Alloway Creek Township. A road to
the left below Maskell's Mill - formerly the site of several houses and
cultivated acres, not one house now remaining. Recently a summer
camp has been established by the Seventh Day Baptist Meeting.

BATTS CREEK - Oldman's Township. "1688, May 21. Deed. William
Penn, Proprietor, to Georme Grisse, of Berkley River, Salem County,
planter, for 160 acres on said River, at the mouth of Batts Creek,
adjoining John Stanbanck." (NJA-21:645)

BAULGER CREEK - A stream running into the Delaware River north
of Stow Creek in Lower Alloway Creek Township.

BEAL ROAD - Alloway Township. A road north of Friesburg - to the

BEASLEE'S NECK - Lower Alloway Creek Township. John Beasley,
whose name attached itself to the locality, purchased a large portion of
the land of Edward and William Bradway. (a&s)

BEAVER CREEK........) Because of the frequency of this name
BEAVER DAM.......) in Salem County, there must have been
BEAVER DAM CROSSING...) an abundance of these furry animals
BEAVER RUN........) hereabouts. Beaver Creek is in Lower
Penn's Neck Township on Hook Road, flowing east into Salem Creek.
Beaver Dam is located at the same place. An old survey map shows a
Beaver Dam Crossing near the junction of North Elwell Branch and
West Elwell Branch in Pittsgrove Township. (SCHSM-2l). There was a
Beaver Run on Oldman's Creek. (SCHSU-27), and a survey was made
for one Isaac Savoy at head of Beaver Run fronting on Delaware River.

"1689, Nov. 30 Ð Deed - William Penn, Proprietor, to Thomas Nossiter,
of Ouldman's Creek, Salem County, planter, for 300 acres on the
west side of said Creek, between Roger Pedderick and Beaver Run.
(NJA-2l: 645)

BERITON FIELDS - The sixth lot of the original 6,000 acre Lefevre-
Pledger tract was between Fenwick and Keasbey Creeks. 800 acres in
the easterly part was Pledger's plantation, called Bereton (or Beriton)
Fields. The south line was coincident with the north line of Smithfield.
(SC-MC) For the division of the other five lots see "Lefevre-Pledger

"1676, Nov. 2. Warrant to survey to John Pledger, who had purchased
from the Indians and seated himself before Fenwick's arrival, at
Beritonfeilds, Township of New Salem, of 3 000 acres in the first half
allotment of Allowaies." (NJA-2l:5565

"1676, Nov. 12. Return of survey to John Pledger and
Hypolite Lefeavor of Beriton Feilds and Hollyborne, planters, of 6,000
acres between Mannatons and Allawayes Creeks, the Mill Creek and
Fenwick's River." (NJA-2l:543)

BERKLEY RIVER - Named in honor of Lord John Berkeley. This was
the early name of Oldman's Creek - which see.

BERRY'S CHAPEL - Quinton Township. Formerly a small colored
settlement in the pine woods off the Peck Corner road. The church
here was the scene of many fervent religious gatherings. With the
building of a new church at Cool Run, the Berry's Chapel was
abandoned and is now in ruins. This spot was originally known as the
Old Glades

BIDDLE'S LANDING - Upper Penn's Neck Township. On Salem Creek,
near Hawks' Bridge, on the farm of the late George H. Biddle.
Quantities of tomatoes and other produce were carried from here thru
the Canal to Wilmington and other points. This farm was later
developed into the residential settlement known as Cedar Crest Manor.

BILES TRACT - 5,000 acres in Upper Pittsgrove Township, south of a
line from Daretown to Friendship. See Wasse Tract.

BLACK DITCH - Elsinboro Township - one of the streams near Mill
Creek, feeding into the Delaware River.

BLACK MARIA BRIDGE - On road from Salem to Hancock's Bridge.
See "Salem Old Streets of".

BLACKWOOD'S MILL AND POND - Just off the Telegraph Road In
Alloway Township stood the Blackwood woolen mill, which was in
operation prior to 1840. Neither mill nor pond is now in existence.

BLANDFORD GROVE (or Blanford Grove) - Foot of Market Street,
Salem near Ivey Manor (John Fenwick spelled it "Ivey"). Edward
Champneys, joiner, was the husband of Priscilla, daughter of John
Fenwick. After their arrival with him in 1675, they built a dwelling
near that of her father and called the place Blanford Grove. (C&S)

"1679, May 20. Deed. Edward Champneys, of Munmouth River, alias
Allawayes Creek, Township of New Salem, Fenwick Colony, West
Jersey, joiner, and wife Elizabeth (Priscilla Fenwiok had died in the
meantime) - to Bernard Devonish, late of the Parish of Great
Bartholomew, London, now of Blanford Grove, township of New
Salem, barber surgeon, for 500 acres at the mouth of a creek (Parting
Creek) running into Munmouth River on the east side, part of 2,000
acres on the north side of Munmouth River granted to Edward
Champasys and wife Priscilla by John Fenwick June 7, 1675." (NJA-

BLESSINGTON - The name of the Sharp family plantation in
Pllesgrove Township. The nearby village was given the name
Blessington, but later changed to Sharptown - which see.

BLUE DITCH - A small drainage on the south shore of Mad Horse
Creek in Lower Alloway Creek Township.

BOROUGH HILL - Mannington. "1678/9, Feb. 11. Return of survey to
Mark Reeve, of Borough Hill, Manor of Fenwick's Grove, planter, of 90
acres on East Fenwick Creek, by the Indians called Mannataine Creek,
part of John Ashfeild's 10,000 acres." (NJA-2l:545)

BOTTLE NECK - Two old deeds, dated 1792 and 1794, describe this
spot as being on Alloway Creek. It was land which, in 1792, John
Smith sold to Richard and Hill Smith. (UD-ll29; UD-1190)

BOUT TOWN......) Bouttown, in Upper Penns Neck Township near
BOIUGHTOWN..) Carney's Point, was an ancient Dutch settlement
BOWT TOWN..) years before Fenwick came. An Indian deed to Tab
Janssen Outhout dated 1664/5 is still on record. The Indian name for
the tract was Hoppemense. (SCHSCR-3) "1676, Aug. 19 - Return of
survey to Matthyas Nelison, Matthyes Matteson and Peter Oulson, all
of Boughtown, planters, for 1040 acres between the mouth of Bough
Town Creek and Game Creek, along Delaware River." (NJA-2l:543).

"1684/5, Feb. 10. Deed. William Penn, Proprietor - to John



BOUT TOWN(Continued)
Erickson and Powell Powelson, of Lucas Point, on Delaware River,
Sale.n Tenth, planters, for 100 acres along said River adjoining Bowht
Towns" (NJA-21:644)

'To Richd Tindall, Surveyor Gnl. for the County of Salem and
Jno. Worledge, Deputy - Greeting. FORASMUCH as by experience
divers gross errors have been found in several parcels of land
formerly surveyed by Richard Hancock and being credibly informed
that the like error is in the bounds of the 1,000 acres laid out
for the late Matthias Nelson at the Bout Town in the aforesd
County, these are therefore to authorise you to resurvey the Sd
1,000 acres of land according to the bounds they now claim - by
virtue of the 5d Hancock survey and to make return of the same
with the overplus if any be to me at my office in Salem within
three months after the date hereof. Dated this 4th day of the
12th month Febry 1688/9. James Nevill"

"The 7th day of May, 1689, resurveyed then - Beginning at a little
Hickory Tree standing by Delaware River on the south east side markt
with the letters RI' and running upon the several courses of Delaware
River till you come to a little creek called Lucas Creek then running
the former courses of Richd Hancock's south east into the woods 640
perches to a tree standing by the Game Creek rnarkt with MMP, from
thence north east 394 perches to the other bound trees, from thence
north west to the first mentioned tree 794 perches, within which
bounds is contained 1,639 acres of land, marsh, swamp and cripples.
Subscribed by Richd Tindall" (SCHMN-40)

BOUT CREEK - An 1848 map shows this creek as running north thru
Upper Penn's Neck and emptying into the Delaware River near the
cove below Penn's Grove.

BRADAWAY's FFEILD OR BRADFEILD -"1678, June 18 - Return of
survey to Edward Bradway, bargeman, of 984 acres, to be called
Bradway's Ffeild or Bradfeild, on the south side of and along
Monmouth River, alias Allaways Creek. NJA-21:542)

BRADFORD'S SWAMP - located in the township of Oldman's. It was
the home of Indian Tom, one of the last red men in this County, who
died in 1828 or 1829. He lived in a cabin at the north end of this
swamp. (C&S)

BRADWAY CREEK - A small creek in Lower Penns Neck Township
below Pennsville, emptying into the Delaware River.

BRADWAY STATION - The early railroad name for Norma and

BRAITHWAITE HALL - The tract on which Braitiwaite Hall was built
was located in Mannington on "Maneton' Creek, and consisted of 3,000
acres purchased of John Fenwick. The estate was on the southerly side
of Mannington Creek and extended about one mile in an easterly
direction from the main road from Salem to Woodstown. The mansion,
it is stated, was near Swedes Bridge, and has been described by those
who remember it as a two and a half story brick dwelling of the old
Colonial style. The estate was finally purchased by Jedediah Allen, Sr.
in 1753. In the course of time it was divided into several farms - those
of Edward Lawrence, Samuel Lippincott, William Barber and Clement
Acton fare. -William Barber purchased the land containing the old
house, which was later razed.

BROAD NECK - PIttsgrove Township. The section called Broad Neck
was in the Greenville, Palatine, Willow Grove area. HarmanÕs Upper
Landing, on a branch of the Maurice River was in this territory.
Records show that this section was the scene of early Methodism, and
Olivet Church was founded here. A survey map of 1781 shows land
owned by Amos Strettels. (SCHSM-2l)



BROAD POND - An 1848 map shows Broad Pond to be quite a large
area of pond and marsh in PIttsgrove Township east of Elmer. See also
5C7- SM-2l.

THE BROTHERS FORREST - Elsinboro Township. "1678, May 31.
Deed. Samuel Hedge, of Ivey Point, New Salem Township, Surveyor
General of Colony, and wife Anne, to Walter, Francis and John
Forrest, of Burlingtom, millers, for the neck called The Brothers
Forrest, 300 acres, along Little and Great Mill Creek. (NJA-2l:566)

"1699/1700, March 7. Deed. John Vance, of Brothers Forest,
Salem County, yeoman, to Thomas Killingsworth, of Salem Town,
gentleman, for 300 acres, called Brothers Forest, near said town,
between the mouth of Little Mill Creek or Ten Acres Creek, the
Great Mill Creek being ENE and N boundary." (NJA-2l:625)

BROTMANVILLE - Pittsgrove Township. This locality is part of the
Jewish settlement of Norma and Alliance. An early clothing and cigar
factory were located here.

BRYERY POINT - Elsinboro Township. One of the boundaries of the
Richard Smith farm in Elsinboro in 1789.

BUCK ROAD - This road in PIttsgrove Township was the early stage
road from Greenwich, thru Centerton, to Philadelphia.

BUCK HORN ROAD - A road in Lower Alloway Creek Township
below Canton leading over Cumberland Causeway to the Jericho road.

BURDEN HILL - Quinton Township, on the road from Quinton to
Bridgeton, and said to be the highest point in South Jersey. Burden
Hill did not get its name from a family of Burdens, as might be
supposed, but from the fact that the former road of loose sand, gravel
and deep ruts became such a burden to man and beast that it
gradually acquired this name.

BURLINGTON ROAD - See King's Highway.

BUSHTOWN - Mannington Township. A small colored settlement not
far from Woodstown - formerly the scene of the June Quarter1y

BUTLER'S GUT - See Mad Horse Creek.



CAESARIA RIVER (or Cesarla River)- The name given Cohansey
River by John Fenwick. His will states: "I give and bequeath to my
three grandchildren and heires, Ffenwick Adams, Samuell Hedge, the
younger, and John Channeys all that tract of land Lying Upon
the River heretofore called Chohansick which I will have hereafter
called Cesaria River".

CAMMONS CREEK - Pllesgrove Township. Cammons Creek is shown
on the early survey of 10,000'acres for Thomas Pyle. (SCHSU-l6)

CAMP EDGE - Alloway Township. In 1931, a committee from Atlantic
City representing the Council of Boy Scouts, purchased the property at
Lake Sycamore (formerly Remsterville), which had been restored by



CAMP EDGE (continued)
The Hon. Walter H. Edge, having donated funds for the camp site, the
property was named in his honor.

CAMPBELLTOWN - Pittsgrove Township. A locality near
Monroeville. The land was formerly owned by David Campbell, the
father of twenty children. (AN-20,22)

CAMP KARNEY - Pilesgrove Township. A Boy Scout (YMCA
handwritten over) Camp on the lake near Richmanville.

CAMP KIMBALL - A Boy Scout camp on Oldman's Creek near

CAMP ROOSEVELT - Alloway Township. A Boy Scout camp on the
lake on the road from Friesburg to Yorketown.

CAPKAHOCKINICK CREEK - One of the Indian names for Salem
Creek. See Salem Tenth (NJA-21:559)

CANNOE NECK - Bounding Salem on the south - somewhere between
walnut and Chestnut Streets (SCHSM-82)

"1693, Sept. 29. Deed. John Smith, of Smithfield, Salem County,
gentleman, and wife, Martha, to Jonathan Beers, of Salem Town,
gentleman - two 15 acre lots in said town, and 32 acres of marsh
adjoining thereto, in all 72 acres, of which 40 on the southside of Cow
Neck, adjoining Governour Penn, 32 acres also next Govr Penn along a
little creek, running to Cannoe Neck." (NJA-2l:604) (Cow Neck was out
Walnut Street where the Zaiser farm now is situated. William Penn
owned marsh in this vicinity.)

CANTON - Lower Alloway Creek Township - formerly known as New
Canton. In earlier times it was possible for vessels to pass directly to the
village of Canton, and as late as 1883, Stow Creek was navigable to a
landing within two miles of the village. The channel has now becone
obstructed. A great amount of cord wood was formerly shipped to
Philadelphia from this point.


"1689, Aur. 23. Deed. William Penn, Proprietor, to Thomas Dunn, of
Salem County, husbandman, for 100 acres between the Ffines Point
and Cantwell's Creek, of which 80 between Widow Lause, the
Cranbury swamp and Henry Cornelious; the other 20 between
Johannes Dehayes and the Ffinnes of Ffinnes Point." (NJA-2l:645)

An ancient survey nap shows "an oald sloos race" on Cantwell or Miles
Creek. (SCNSR-26)

CARLISLE RUN - A branch of Sycamore Lake at Rensteiville Alloway

CARNEY'S POINT - (See also Bout Town) - Upper Penn's Neck
Township. An early copy of the Pennsylvania Gazette states that in
1727 many Irish iwnigrants arrived in New Castle and Philadelphia.
Among them was Thomas Carney, who "purchased a large tract of
land which extended from the Delaware River between the mouths of
Bout Creek on the east and Handbey Creek on the west, back to Game

At the outbreak of World War I and the great expansion of the E. I.
Dupont deNemours plants in the vicinity, a village was built to house
the employees of these plants, and has now spread over many acres.
The name Carney's Point was given It in honor of Thomas Carney.

CASTANA NECK - See Costanea Neck.



CAT GUT AND KITTEN GUT - Lower Alloway Creek Township. Cat
Gut and its feeder, Kitten Gut, are small streams on the north shore of
Mad Horse Creek, leading to Round Island.

CEDAR BRANCH - There is more than one Cedar Branch in the
County. An old survey map shows one to be in Pittsgrove
Township.(SCHSM-2l) Another Cedar Branch flows from Woodmere
Lake and eventually finds its way into Alloway Creek.

CEDAR BROOK - Alloway Township - near Rensterville.

CEDAR CREST MANOR - Upper Penn's Neck Township. A residential
community between Hawks' Bridge and Deepwater - formerly the farm
of the late George H. Biddle.

CENTERTON - Pittsgrove Township. This small village on Muddy Run
was formerly called Centreville, and an even earlier name was Dayton's
Bridge. The old tavern here has been in existence since early Colonial
times, and was one of the stage-coach stops on the road from
Greenwich to Philadelphia. The village at one time contained a grist
mill, saw mill, blacksmith shop and a wagon shop. The beautiful lake is
one of the picnic spots of the County.

CENTERVILLE TOWNSHIP - A former township which is now part
of Pittsgrove. See Townships.

CENTRAL PARK - Lower Penn's Neck Township. A residential
community between Pennsvil].e and Churchtown.

CHAMPNEY'S CORNER - See Pole Tavern.

CHANDLER'S MILL - See Woodmere.

CHENEY ROAD - Mannington Township. A road leading to the east
off the Salem-Woodstown road.

CHERRY ISLAND FLATS - The Everts & Stewart Atlas of 1876 shows
these flats as being in the Delaware River above Penn's Grove.

CHESTNUT ISLAND..) There were several "Chestnut" locations in the
CHESTNUT NECK...) County, possibly by reason of a growth of
CHESTNUT RUN.........) chestnut trees nearby. Chestnut Neck is shown
on an old deed as being in Penn's Neck. (UD-ll46) Chestnut Run was
the site of a woolen mill at Woodstown.

"1698, Nov. 26. Deed. Benjamin Acton, of Salem County, weaver, to
George Garrett - 200 acres on Chestnut Run, part of the 1,500 acre lot
near head of Salem Creek." (NJA-21:623)

CHESTNUT TERRACE - Salem City - A residential development
beyond Chestnut Street, Salem.

CHURCH LANDING - (Now called Churchtown) - Lower Penn's Neck
Township. As the name suggests, this locality is the site of the present
St. George's Episcopal Church. A few hundred yards down the road in
front of the Church is the spot on the Delaware River where the early
church members crossed to New Castle and Christiana before St.
George's was built in 1717.

CHURCH ROAD - Lower Alloway Creek Township. The cross-road to
the Canton Baptist Church from the Harmersville road.

CLAMPITT - The exact location of this spot has not as yet been found.

"l69O, Aug. 10. Assignment by Hugh Hutching, of Virgin Spring,
Salem County, husbandman, to Roger Carary, of Clampitt, said
County, 'of ye wthin written deed'". (NJA-2l:596)



CLANCY ROAD - Quinton Township. The road from Muttontown
Woods east toward Penton and Alloway.

CLAYSVILLE - Mannington Township. The small colored village just
north of Salem across Fenwick Creek is noted mainly as being the
former terminus of the W.J.&S.S. railroad. In former times it
contained three stores, a blacksmith shop and a wheelwright shop. It is
also the site of an early windmill erected before the Revolution.
Claysville suffered a disastrous fire October 14, 1941, when 24 homes
were totally destroyed and many others ruined.

COBB'S ISLAND - Lower Penn's Neck Township. An early survey
was made for Joseph Cobmer (Copner) for a private road to Cobb's
Island. (SCHSU-l56) This land is entirely bounded by the tortuous
reaches of Salem Creek.

COBB'S MILL - Alloway Township. Located on a cross-road between
the Alloway-Friesburg road and the Peck Corner-Cohansey road. This
delightful spot with its beautiful lake was formerly known as Dilks'
Mill, arid is said to be the site of an early Indian camp. An Indian
grave is to be found in the vicinity.

COCKED HAT - Elsinboro Township. Two stories are told as to how
this locality received its name. One is that a blacksmith shop formerly
stood at the end of Amwelbury Road between Feather Bed Lane and
the road leadins to the Holmes farm (now the property of Dr. A.
Ralston Green). The proprietor of this blacksmith shop, one Bill Baker,
had his plug hat smashed in a parade in Salem. Next day he nailed the
remains of the hat over the door of his shop and called it "Cocked
Hat". Another story explains that the junction of the Amwelbury road
where it joins the Hancock's Bridge road formed the shape of a hat,
ana was known as 'Cocked Hat".

COHANSEY - Alloway Township. Formerly known as New Boston or
Applegate's Corner. Cohansey is at the junction of Salem and
Cumberland Counties, on the Shiloh-Friesburg road. The first general
store in the community, called New Boston, was situated at the cross-
roads a quarter mile east of the present store, where the roads from
Deerfield and Harmony intersect. In former times a mill, a blacksmith
shop and a poultry market were located here.

COHANSEY RIVER (Caesarta River) - Cumberland County. The old
spelling of Cohansey was Chohansick.

COHAWKING/ COWHAWKIN ROAD - Upper Pittsgrove Township.
A portion of the old Cumberland Road between Oldman's and
Raccoon Creeks (NJA-35:397; 42:166; 055-141) - probably so-called
because it ran to Cohawking.

COMMISSIONER'S ROAD OR PIKE,- Alloway Township. This road,
leading from Alloway to Mul].ica Hill, is one of the oldest in the
County, as is shown by an old survey map (SCHSM-69). It is now
Route 581 from Quinton to Mullica Hill. The Wistarburg glass works
was located on this road, a mile or so northeast of Alloway.

COMPROMISE ROAD - Mannington Township. A road leading east
from the Salem-Woodstown road. At the junction with the Swedes
Bridge road formerly stood Compromise School, now a dwelling. A
Grange hall occupies the opposite corner. The name is said to be a
"compromise" over the naming of the school.

COOL RUN - Cool Run seems to have been a popular mane for
localities in Salem County. There is one on theQuinton-Bridgeton pike;
one in Alloway Township, feeding into the lake at Camp Roosevelt;
and, in the 1680's, Hazlehurst's saw-mill was located on Cool Run in
Alloway Township.



COOPER'S CREEK - Lower Alloway Creek Township - A branch of
Alloway Creek which crosses between New Bridge and Harinersville, at
the junction with the Beasley Neck road. There was an early tide riill
on this creek in Beasley Neck.

COSTANEA NECK - Lower Penn's Neck Township (called, at that
time, West Fenwick). "1703, Oct. 26. Articles of agreement between
Andrew Anderson and Danniell Bilderbeck, both of Costanea Neck, for
the division of 100 acres there near Fenwick's River, between widow
Cornelious and Joshua Gillets, bought by said Anderson and Peter
Bilderbeck, deceased, father of Sd Daniel, from William Penn thru his
agent, Janes Nevill, June 2, 1689." (NJA-2l:641)

COURSES LANDING - The road from Slapes Corner to Auburn
crosses Salem Creek, where that body of water separates the townships
of Upper Penn's Neck, Mannington and Pilesgrove. Courses Landing is
at this junction. In former times it served as a loading depot for
tomatoes and other farm produce to the markets at Wilmington and
other points. Courses Landing was named for Henry Course, owner of
considerable property in the vicinity.

COYAKING - See Quiahooking and NJA-30:506.

COW NECK - Salem Township. An early survey cap of Salem and
environ shows Cow Neck as located out South Street (now Walnut
Street) SCHSM-82). "1691/2, Jan. 19. Deed. Willian Penn, Proprietor,
to John Smith, of Smithfield, Salem Co., gentleman, for two 15-acre
lots in Salem Town adjoining Boy. Penn's land on the south side of
Cow Neck." (NJA-2l:646)

In 1737, Isaac Satterthwaite purchased from the heirs of William Penn
120 acres called Cow Neck farm. Many years later, William Zaiser
purchased the farm and had the old brick house torn down (in 1888)
and erected a new house some distance east and nearer the main road.
At one time part of this farm was used as a fair-ground and race track.

COWTOWN - Pilesgrove Township. A cattle and merchandise market
near Sharptown.

CRANBERRY POINT - Mannington Township. "Rainer VanHirst
(VanHyst) purchased 400 acres near Cranberry Point in Mannington
in 1684." (C&S). Cranberry School House stood near Slapes Corner.
This spot was also culled "Rabbit Run".

CRANBERRY PONDS - Lower Penn's Neck Township. "Survey for
James Nevill of tract called Orphan's land, Penns Neck, adjoining
Cranberry ponds and Pfob Johnson's land." (SCHSU-71)

CRAVEN'S CHOICE - "1679, Sept. 7. Patent. To widow Ann Craven,
late of Lymehouse in the Parish of Stepney, County of Middlesex,
England, now of New Salem, N. J., for 300 acres, to be called Craven's
Choice, in Fenwick's Colony on the north side of and along Alloways
Creek, adjoining Smyth's alias Nevill's plantation." (NJA-2l:568.)

It is possible there were two plantations with this name. The 'Vineland
Historical Magazine" of October 1943 states that Craven's Choice is
Buttonwood Farm, Bacon's Neck, Greenwich Township, Cumberland

CRAVEN'S FERRY - See Pennsville.

CREWKERNE WOOD...) Various spellings.
CROOKHORN WOOD....) "1679, April 11. Deed. John Adams, of New
Salem, and wife Elizabeth - to Samuel Curtis, late of Crewkerne,
County of Somersett, clothier, for 500 acres, henceforth to be called
Crewkerne Wood, in the half allotment of Allawayes, between



the Willis plantation, Allawayes Creek and Adams Creek.' (NJA-

"1680/1, Jan. 8, Deed. Samuel Curtice, son, heir and exexutor of
Samuel Curtis of Crewkerne, County of Sonersett, clothier, dec'd. and
of his dec'd mother, Elizabeth Curtis to iilliarn Parner, of Crewkeriie
Wood, planter, and wife Jane, sister of grantor - for one-half of the
tract called Crewkerne Wood, between Edward Champney's on the
west and Roger Huckings on the east, 500 acres to be henceforth called
fast Crewkerne Wood; the whole bought by grantor's father of John
Adams and wife Elizabeth, April 11, 1679." (NJA-21:575)

"1709, May 23. Deed. Samuel Curtis and wife Ann, of Crewkern, Salem
Co. - to George and Mary Trenchard, of Salem 'in consideration of ye
love and natureall affection which I have and doe bare toward my
loving cozzens George and Mary Trenchard'". (UD-12('1)

CRIPPS MARSH - Mannington Township. An old survey map
(SCHSM-2) shows Cripps Marsh as being near Puddle Dock Creek -
which see.

CRISTIANA NECK.....) Lower Penn's Neck.
CHRISTANIE NECK...) "1684, Oct. 12 - Survey for Abraham Vanheis,
100 acres adjoining the "ffines of Christanie Neck". (SCEStJ-22)

"1685, Aug. 22. Deed. William Penn, Proprietor - to Abraham Vanhyst,
of Salem Tenth, West Jersey, planter, for 100 acres on Cristiana Neck,
adjoining Michael Barron."

"1715, Oct. 11. Deed. Abraham VanHist (Hyst) of Burlington, ship
carpenter, to his brother-in-law, Joseph Smith, of same place, glover,
and wife Garthrod, sister of grantor - for 100 acres in Salem Township,
at Cristiana Neck, adjoining Michael Barron.' (NJA-2l;643)

CROWN POINT ROAD - Upper Penn's Neck and Oldman's
Townships. The road from Pennsgrove to Bridgeport and on to

CROW ISLAND - Lower Penn's Neck Township. One of a number of
small islands (including Elizabeth and Goose Islands) in the Delaware
River off Finn's Point. (SCEiSM-44)

CULLIERS RUN - Mannington Township. A tributary feeding into
Mannington Creek.

CUMBERLAND CAUSEWAY - Lower Alloway Creek Township. The
causeway over Stow Creek below Canton on Buckhorn road.

CUMBERLAND ROAD - See Cohawking.



DANCERS CORNER - Upper Penn's Neck Township. The point
outside of Penn's Grove where the Pennsville-Auburn-Sharptown roads

DANNY PORT - See New Albion.

DARETOWN - Upper Pittsgrove Township. An ancient settlement and
post town, named after the Dare family. The town is noted mainly for
the old Presbyterian Church established 1741, and the former
Pittsgrove College. After the arrival of the railroad, the town grew
greatly, and contained, at one time, a blacksmith shop, a machine shop
and a distillery. (C&S)



DAYTON'S BRIDGE - Early name of Centerton - which see.

DEACON'S PYTLE - Nevill Street, Salem. "1679, June 2. Patent. John
Fenwick to George Deacon and wife Frances - for 10 acres to be called
Deacon's Pytle, on Nevill's Street." (NJA-2l:340) George Deacon was a

(Pytle, Pitle - English version of Pightle - a small field or enclosure. -
Webster's International).

DEADMAN'S POINT - This spot, at the mouth of Salem River, is in
Lower Penn's Neck Township, and has a gruesome history because of
the number of drowned bodies found along the shore and buried there.

DEALTOWN - A neighborhood between Centerton and Palatine - the
site of a grist mill and husk-grinding mill, and later a canning factory.

DEEP CREEK - Lower Penn's Neck Township. "1685/6, March 1. Deed.
William Penn, Proprietor, to Isaac Savoy - upon Delaware River In
Salem Tenth, planter, for 350 acres on said River between Deep Creek
and a branch near John Henrickson's."(RJA-2l:644)

There was also a stream called Deep Creek in Lower Alloway Creek
Township near Delaware Bay.

DEEP RUN - There was more than one Deep Run in Salem County.
The most important was a branch of Alloway Creek, the site of woolen
and other mills, and near the thriving ship-building yards. A survey
map of 1803 shows land of Ephraim Bee on Deep Run, Alloway Creek
(SCHSM-l27). There was also a Deep Run Branch in Pittsgrove
Township. (SCHSM-2l)

DEEPWATER POINT - As the name implies, this is one of the deepest
points along the Delaware River, and is now part of the duPont
Chambers Works. The Deepwater Point tract of 540 acres was owned
by Henry Jeans, whose wife, Mary, was the daughter of Thomas
Carney, for whoa Carney5 Point was named. It was near this spot on
the River that Fenton's Beach, a former pleasure resort, was situated.

DEEPWATER VILLAGE - This neighborhood was not known as a
village until the duPont Chambers Works was established and
employees' houses were erected in the 1920's.

DENN'S CANAL - The first shortening of navigation on Salem River
by Denn's Canal was commenced between 1820 and 1830, and
completed by 1840. The canal shortened the distance by two miles.

DENN'S ISLAND - Mannington Township. Puddle Dock Creek is on
the north side of Denn's Island. See Puddle Dock Creek.

DEVIL'S HOLE - Elsinboro Township. Devil's Hole and Pioneer Pond
were in Tilbury, on the outskirts of Salem. They have now been filled
in and the sewage disposal plant built on the southern edge of the

DEVONSHIRE LODGE -"1684, Aug. 2. Patent. Executors of John
Fenwick to Janes Vlccary, of FenwickÕs River, Salem Tenth, West
Jersey, planter - for 300 acres north-west of the cranberry swamp and
near Salem Creek, also right, title, etc. in and to the said 300 acres,
called Devonshire Lodge." (NJA-2l:569)

DILKS HILL - See Cobb's Mill.

DOGTOWN - Elsinboro Township. Situated between the Hancock's
Bridge road and the end of the Walnut Street road. Site of a school
building which has now been converted into a dwelling. The



DOGTOWN (Continued)
story goes that the locality was given this name by Dr. David Wiley,
who stated that the great number of dogs in the vicinity inter-
fered with his visits to patients.

DOLBOW'S LANDING - Oldman's Township. Located on the
Delaware River, about opposite Pedricktown.

DROWNED SWAMP TRACT - Pilesgrove Township. Off the Avis Mill
road and down a lane to the right is the old Samuel Bassett house.
Near this house the fresh water spring of the Drowned Swamp tract is
one of many supplying the headwaters of Salem River.

DRUNKEN BRIDGE ROAD - Lower Alloway Creek Township. A road
below Maskell's Mill (SAD-V:271)

DRY BRANCH - A small drainage stream in Pittsgrove Township
(C&S) (SCRSM.-2l)

DUELS CORNERS - The name of a small settlement in Pilesgrove

DUNHAM TOWN - Pittsgrove Township. The name of a vicinity one-
half mile east of Monroeville - owned by Samuel Dunham, Sr.

DUNNTOWN - Lower Penn's Neck Township. A neighborhood located
opposite what is now Valley Park, near Mahoneyville.



EAGLE ISLAND - Lower Alloway Creek Township - See Mad Horse

EAGLETOWN - Upper Penn's Neck Township. A vicinity on what is
now Route #40, near Game Creek.

EAST FENWICK - See Townships.

EAST LAKE ROAD - Pilesgrove Township. As the name suggests, this
road near Woodstown leads to East Lake.

EASTERVILLE - See Woodmere.

EAVISE'S RUN - Oldman's Township. According to an old survey map
(SCHSM-lo3) this small run, emptying into Oldman's Creek, was on
the property of George Eavis.

EDGEPELLICK ISLAND - Lower Alloway Creek Township. An island
commonly called "Pellick" Is situated at the head of Mad Horse Creek.

EFT'S WOODS - On the road between Alloway and Woodstown is a
stretch of woods commonly known as 'Eft's Woods".

ELDRIDGE'S HILL - Pilesgrove Townst-iip. In former times this
village between Woodstown and Harrisonvilie (Gloucester County) was
quite a thriving community. It contained an early foundry and
machine shop established by Edward Haines; and in 1355-56 the
Eldridge Hill Boarding School was a well-known seat of learning.

ELIZABETH ISLAND - One of a number of small islands, including
Crow and Goose Islands, in the Delaware River off Finn's Point.



ELK TERRACE - Quinton Township. A modern residential settlement
on the Salem-Quinton road on the former George Elk farm.

ELKINTON POND - See Hazelhurst and Woodmere.

ELMER - Elmer is on the dividing line between Pittsgrove and Upper
Pittsgrove townships, and is situated on Elmer Lake and Muddy Run.
No community in the County has had more manes; the earliest one was
Ticktown; then Pittstown; and now Elner. At one time it was
nicknamed Terrapintown. Incorporated as a borough in 1893, it was
named Elmer in honor of Judge Lucius C. Elmer, of Bridgeton. At
various times it has contained a glass works; a shoe factory; a spindle
factory; a grist mill constructed at an early date of cedar logs; and last,
but not least, the old "red tavern". It has been a railroad point of some
importance and was the terminus of the Eluer branch of the
W.J.S.S.R.R. It is the home of the "Elmer Times".

ELSINBORO POINT - The farthermost western point in Elsinboro
township. See Townships.

ELSINBORD PRECINCT - The precinct of Elsinboro, the smallest in
Colony, contained, by the original survey, only 800 acres. The Indian
name for the locality was "Wootessunsing". The English continued the
Swedish Elsborg or Helsingborg (spelled many ways) by which name
the Swedes called their fort built in 1643. (SFC-456) In this precinct it
is thought the first English settlement was made by the New Haven
Colony which see. See also - Townships.

ELWELL BHANCH - An early survey map shows a north and a west
Elwell Branch in Pittsrrove Township.(SCHSM-2l)

ENLOW PLACE - Lower Penn's Neck Township. Peter Enlow was an
early landowner of a tract of land on the Delaware River south of
Pennsville, which is called Enlow Place, in his honor.



FEATHERBED LANE - Elsinboro Township. A short stretch of road
between the Oakwood Beach road and Amwelbury; said, in the old
days, to have been a particularly bad piece of road, and called, in
derision, Featherbed Lane. There is also a Featherbed Road in
Pilesgrove Township.

FENTON'S BEACH - Lower Penn's Neck Township. A number of years
ago Fenton's Beach was a small summer resort and recreation spot
near Deewater Point, but now incorporated into the duPont Chambers
Works. See also Deepwater Point.

FENTON'S CORNER - Lower Penn's Neck Township, above
Churchtown. At the junction of the Pennsville-Deepwater road and the
back road to Carney's Point.

FENWICK'S COLONY - Major John Fenwick, an officer in
Cromwell's army, with his company of nearly two hundred, came from
London on the shic "Griffin" and "landed at Fort Elfsborg on the day
of the 9th month (November) 1675, and so on up to New Salem where
they did inhabit." (SOHSCR-3) The exact date of the arrival of the
"Griffin" has been the subject of much discussion over the years.



and probably will never be accurately determined. The first deed made
by John Fenwick with the Indians is dated November 17, 1675.

The territory which Fenwick had purchased in West Jersey
before leaving England, and which was called Salem Tenth, ex-
tended from what is now Oldman's Creek on the north to Back
Creek (now Cumberland County) on the south. The Colony was
divided into six sub-divisions or hundreds, namely:
East Fenwick
West Fenwick
New Salem
Little Chohansick
Great Chohansick

The eastern boundary was a straight line drawn from the head waters
of the Chohansiek to those of Oldman's Creek. The western boundary
was the Delaware River.

In 1748, Cumberland County was set off from Salem County.

(See Salem Tenth. See also the booklet entitled "Major John Fenwick"
- by Prank H. Stewart)

FENWICK CREK - A branch of Salem River, one of the bounds of the
City of Salem, running northeast into Mannington Township.

FENWICK GROVE - Fenwick Grove was a tract of land of 6,000 acres
in Mannington situated between Salem and Mannington Creeks.

FENWICK'S IVEY - John Fenwick's home in New Salem. See Ivy

FENWICK MANOR - This was Fenwick's country seat in Fenwick
Grove. Upon it was located his manor house. Fenwick's will, signed on
his sick bed at Fenwick Grove requested that he be buried at this spot.
Just prior to his death, which occurred December, 1683 (only eight
short years after his arrival) he leased to Mary White, his housekeeper,
his plantation of 3,000 acres upon which his manor house was located.
The lease was dated August 2, 1683, and was to be in effect for 21

FENWICK'S POINT - Lower Penn's Neck Township. "1679, Oct. 16
Return of survey to Andrew Senickson of Fenwick's Point, township of
East Fenwick, N.J., planter, of 226 acres in said township of Fenwick's
River, between Parting Creek and a small creek separating Hance
Heares plantation from said point." (NJA-2l:544). Deed for above -
NJA-2l:568 & 576.

FENWICK STATION - A flag stop on the W.J.S.S.R.R. near

FINNS POINT....) Lower Penn's Neck Township. At a very early
FYNNSTOWN HOOK...) date, years before the arrival of Fenwick, the
LAMPAN'S HOOK...) Swedes had built three forts on the eastern
shore of the Delaware - one at Fort Elfsborg, one at Lampan's Houck
(Finn's Po1nt) and one at Raccoon Creek (Gloucester County).
Fenwick, after his arrival, planned to lay out a town to be called
Finnstown Point at Pompians Hook (Finns Point) but for some reason
this was not accomplished. (C&S) A year later, Fenwick gave the
following patents:

"1676, August 12. Patent to Stephen Yerians, of Pompion Hook,
hereafter to be called Fynnstown Hook, N.J., planter, for 250 acres, to
be surveyed there."(NJA-21:565)

"1676, August 13. Return of survey to Stephen Yerians (Yerines), Lasse
Henricks, Mathias Spartleson and Errick Yerians, all of Ffyne Town
Hook, heretofore called Pumpions Hook, on the Eastern shore of the
Delaware River, of 1040 acres, N.i, of said Fyns Town and east of a
small island, along said River." (NJA-21:543)

"1681, September 15. Patent. John Fenwick - confirming to Col. Lewis
Morris, of Tynton Manor, East Jersey, the 1000 acres



on Delaware River over against New Castle, S.E. Jerymias' Creek,
N. Pumbian's, alias Fynnstown Hook." (NJA2l:569)

"1689, August 23. Deed. William Penn, Proprietor, to Stephen Yerians,
of Finnes Town Hook or Point, Salem County, yeoman, for 150 acres
on said Point, of which 110 between William Shute and the swamp; 40
acres of marsh along Delaware River between grantee, the widow, and
Tho. Duane." (NJA21:645)

"1691/2, February 16. Deed. Henry Cornelious of Penn's Neck; Salem
County, West Jersey, planter, and wife Elizabeth; Thomas Lambson, of
the same place and wife Anna, to Stephen Yerians, Mary Hendricks
and Yerlan Yerians, all of Fines Town Hook, said County - for 225 of
260 acres, part of the 1040 acre tract granted by John Fenwick to
Mathias Spartleson, Lause Hendrickson, Stephen Yerians and Erick
Yerians May 10, 1678, of which said Spartleson's share went to his five
daughters, of whom the two eldest are the said Elizabeth Cornelious
and Anna Lambson." (NJA-2l:598)

Township. Just beyond Fort Mott, after driving thru the grounds of
the fort, is to be found the Finns Point National Cemetery, where are
buried the Civil War Confederate soldiers who died on Pea Patch
Island, or Fort Delaware, in the middle of the River. In 1912, the
Government erected an 85' monument, at the base of which, on 12
tablets, are inscribed the names of 2,436 soldiers of the Confederacy. At
one end of the cemetery, a smaller marble pavilion honors 165 Union
soldiers buried there. A row of graves at the rear of the cemetery
contain the remains of World War German prisoners of war who died
in camps around the vicinity. Also one unknown American flier, whose
plane came down in the Delaware River, lies here.

FISHING CREEK...) There were several creeks and landings by this
FISHING LANDING.) name in the County. One was in Lower Penn's
Neck bordering land of Joseph Lloyd; also Small Fishing Creek and
Great Fishing Creek adjoining Fopp Johnson's land; a Fishing Creek
running thru John Wistar's meadow in Mannington; and one in Lower
Alloway Creek Township between Hope Creek and Mad Horse Creek.
An old survey map shows Fishing Landing on Salem Creek.

FIVE POINTS - The name of a hamlet in Oldman's Township beyond
The western limits of Pedricktown.

FOGG'S LARDING - Alloway Township. On the north side of Alloway
Creek, one mile below Alloway, stood the home of Joseph Fogg, one of
the early settlers, whose name is given to this spot.

FORCUS CREEK - One of the early names of Salem River - which see.
See also Salem Tenth.

FORK BRIDGE or..) Pittsgrove Township. This was the original name
FORK HILL....) for Willow Grove, which is in the extreme eastern
part of the County, and the site of early mills and canning

FORK POINT - Elsinboro Township. An old deed shows this Point as
being one of the boundaries of the farm of Benjamin Home. (UD-1l82)
FORKED HICKORY - Oldman's Township. A cross-road from
Pedricktown to Auburn.

FORT DELAWARE - See Fort Mott - also Finn's Point National

FORT DUPONT - See Fort Mott.



FORT ELFSBORG Ð Elsinboro Township. Much doubt exists as to me
exact location of the Swedish fort built in 1643. Some say it was on
Elsinboro Point, now covered with sand and engulfed by the waters of
the Delaware River, a supposition with which most authorities agree.
Probably the nearest to the correct location is given in a book entitled:
"History of the Colony of New Sweden" by Bishop Carl K.S.
Sprinchorn, dated 1878. He says: "Governor Printz selected a spot in
the tract purchased on the eastern side of the River, two Swedish miles
(12 miles) south of Christiana, a little below the south of Varokens Kil,
on an insignificant stream known as Mill Creek." As many changes
have taken place in the shore line and the course of the streams, it is
doubtful whether the exact location will
ever be determined.

Although the fort boasted eight 12-lb. cannon, 4 of brass and 4 of iron,
it was the insignificant mosquito who finally won over, so historians
tell us. The fort was abandoned after a few years.

FORT MOTT - Lower Penn's Neck Township. This peaceful fort, from
which no hostile shot was ever fired, is located on the Delaware River,
about six miles from Salem. It is one of three forts built to protect the
city of Philadelphia and surrounding territory - Fort Delaware, on Pea
Patch Island in the middle of the River, and Fort duPont, on the
Delaware shore, being the other two. In 1872, fortifications were
commenced at what was then known as the Battery at Finns Point, but
under War Dept. Order #72, dated 12-16-1897, the name of the post
was changed to Fort Mott, in honor of Major General Gershom Mott.
It was garrisoned during the Spanish-American War by two companies
of coast artillery. During World War I, the position was re-fortified
and manned by a large force. Not having been needed, it was finally
dismantled, the houses moved across the River, and the spot turned
into a State park and wild life refuge called Kilco Hook.

FORT POINT ROAD - In 1711 a commission was appointed to lay out
a road from Salem to Fort Point (Elsinboro) near Rudroe Morris's
house. This road is still in existence as originally laid out. (YB-l9l3)

FOX'S MILL - Upper Pittsgrove Township - between Daretown and
Pole Tavern.

FREAS ROAD - Lower Penn's Neck Township. This road forms a loop
in the Salem-Pennsville road just south of Harrisonville (alias Pig's
Eye) passing the former Freas property and Buttonwood farm.

FRENCH'S GROVE - See Penn's Grove.

FRIENDSHIP - Three communities bear this name in the County - one
in Upper Pittsgrove, near Monroeville and Elmer which is home
to ome of the oldest Methodist congregations in South Jersey; another
is a former railroad stop north of Penn's Grove; and finally a former
school district in Hell Neck, below Canton, bears the incongruous name of

FRIESBURG - Alloway Township. Friesburg, founded in 1748, was
named in honor of Jacob Fries, who emigrated from Germany and was
a leader in the community and an elder and benefactor of the Emanuel
Lutheran Church. In former tines, Friesburg was quite an important
settlement. At the intersection of the road below the Church stood the
Vanlier blacksmith shop, saw-mill, creamery, general store and post
office. It is said that some of the citizens had been workers in the
Wistarburg glass plant a few miles away.



FROG OCEAN ROAD - Lower Alloway Creek Township. A road
running out of the village of Canton toward the Lower Alloway Creek

FROGTOWN or.....) A colored settlement and church in
MARSHALTOWN.) Mannington on a road from Mannington
Causeway to Slape's Corner.



GALLOWS HILL - Mannington Township. On the outskirts of
Claysville, on the right, was a spot called Ga1lows Hill, the scene of a
hanging and burning at the stake in 1717.

GALLOWS TREE CORNER - The exact site is uncertain, but a spot in
the vicinity of Kent Street, Salem Town, bore this name.

GAME CREEK - This creek runs thru the center of Upper Penn's
Neck, flowing southwest and emptying into Salem Creek. Two old
surveys exist for Lause Peterson, on Game Creek (SCESU-52; SCHSU-
78). See also Salem River.

GARRETT'S CHOICE - Mannington Township. "1689/90, January 10.
Executors of John Fenwick to George Garrett - for 200 acres, called
Garrett's Choice, on Tindall's Run, formerly surveyed for James
Viccary by Richard Tindall, Surv. Gem."- (NJA-2l:571)

GEORGETOWN ROAD - Upper Penn's Neck Township. A road out of
Carney's Point leading to the Deepwater-Auburn road.

GILLJOHNSON CREEK - Lower Penn's Neck Township. A tributary
of the Delaware River, separating lands of Bilderback and Emloe -
1759. (SCETsM-118)

GLEBE FARM - Pilesgrove Township. On the road from Woodstown
to the King's Highway, now called Marlton Road, stands the Glebe, of
117 acres, purchased in 1720 by the Swedish congregations of Raccoon
(now Swedesboro) and Penn's Neck, for the use of their minister. The
spot was considered approximately half-way between the two
congregations. It is still known as the Glebe farm.

GLENSIDE - Lower Penn's Neck Township. This Is a recent residential
settlement on the Hook Road.

GLUE POT FARM - Quinton Township. On the road to Jericho, on
the right, stands an old farm known as the Glue Pot farm. The
significance of the name is lost.

GLUE POT ROAD - Mannington Township. According to Mrs. M.
Augusta Pettjt, the old back road between Salem and Woodstown
crossed a small run, the bottom of which was composed of pure yellow
clay, causing wagons frequently to be mired to the hubs, and hence was
appropriately called Glue Pot Road.

GOLF MANOR....) Upper Penn's Neck Township. A residential
GOLF VIEW PARK..) community south of Carney's Point.

GOODWIN POINT - Elsinboro Township. A point on the Delaware
River on the property of Thomas and William Goodwin, who married
Sarah and Mary Morris, daughters of Rudroe Morris.



GOOSE ISLAND - One of a number of small islands (including Crow
and Elizabeth Islands) in the Delaware River off Finn's Point. A survey
was made 1818-21 for low Corbit.(SCHSM-4)

GOOSE LANE - Lower Penn's Neck Township. A small lane or street
running toward the River from the Salem-Pennsville road; probably
from the sane name source as Goose Island.

GOOSE POND GUT - A tributary thru the marshes of Lower Alloway
Creek Township near Delaware Bay.

GRAVELLY HILL - Lower Alloway Creek Township. An elevated spot
two miles north of Jericho in the old Friendship school district.

GRAVELLY RUN - There were at least two streams by this name in
the County - one was in Lower Alloway Creek Township, a branch of
Stow Creek; the other, in Mannington Township. An old deed dated
1730 Samuel Ffenwick Hedge to Nathan Hedge mentions Gravelly Run
(UD-1177), as does a survey for Joseph Hedge.(SCHSU-149)

GREAT MILL CREEK - See Brothers Forest.

GREAT STAlER HOOK - See Steen Hook.

GREEN BRANCH - Pittsgrove Township. A tributary draining land in
this township, and emptying into Palatine Lake.

GREENVILLE - Pittsgrove Township. A farming vicinity near Olivet.
An early name was Pennytown.

GRISCOM ROAD - Mannington Township. A cross-road between the
Pointers-Deepwater road and the Sharptown road.

GROG GUT - A tributary in Lower Alloway Creek Township running
Into the Delaware River near the Bay.

GROVE'S POINT - "1680, May 13. Deed. Jervis Bywater, late of
Grove's Point, East Fenwick Township, now of New Salem, N. J.,
planter, and wife Joane Bywater, alias Grigson - to Elizabeth Adams,
grand-child of John Fenwick, for 200 acres at Grove's Point."(NJA-

GRUNDEL HILL - On the north bank of Alloway Creek - the early
home of John Smith, who later settled at Hedgefield. (NJA-2l:6l5)

"1687, April 15. Deed. Charles Bagley, of Cesarlae River, West Jersey,
planter, to his son-in-law, Thomas Craven, of the same place, planter -
for 200 acres near the head of Allawayes Creek, adjoining John Smith,
of Grundel Hill." (NJA-2l:585)

GUILFORD HALL - #1 Johnson St., Salem, N.J. Richard Johnson, who
emigrated about 1675, purchased, in 1685 a 16-acre lot on which he
built his mansion, which he called Guilford Hall. Portions of the
original foundations are still in existence. In addition to this 16-acre lot,
he at one time owned 7 acres in Salem, extending from the ditch in the
rear of Mt. Hope Church to the town drain near Seventh St., lying
across Grant St. and East Broadway.

GUINEATOWN - See Penton.

GUY POINT.....) There were evidently two places called Guy
GUY POINT BRIDGE...) Point. According to a survey dated October,
GUYER POINT.....) 1706, made for Samuel Hedge, Jr. by
Benjamin Acton, Surveyor, land called Guy Point was bounded by the
Court House lot; along Salem Street to Richard Johnson's corner; then
to a ditch leading to the Mill Creek and Fenwick Creek, following this
creek to the bridge at the foot of Market St. (called Guy Point Bridge);
then up the street to place of beginning - containing 80 acres. (SCHSU-

The other Guy Point, or Guyer Poynt, heretofore called


GUY POINT (Continued)
Essingburge Fort" according to a 1676 survey, included 1200
Acres and ran from Fenwick River to Locus Creek south along the
Delaware River. (SCHSU-1O) Richard Guy was a cheesemonger from
England, and one of the earliest settlers.

"1676, November 12. warrant to survey to Richard Guy, of 1000 acres
at or near the point formerly called Elsingeburge Fort and now Guy's
Point, formerly granted to John Townsend, said name having been
used fictitiously.' (NJA-2l;556)

"1703, July 1. Deed. Samuel Hedge, of Salem Town, gentleman, and
wife Anna, surviving daughter and heiress of John Feriwick, with their
son, Samuel Hedge - to Rothero Morris, of Salem Co., yeoman, for 500
acres at Elsonborough, alias Guyes Point, said County, now in the
tenure of said Morris, by virtue of a bargain and sale, made by the
executors of John Fenwick at the direction of Samuel Carpenter, to
whom said executors had sold the land, but not conveyed it." (NJA-



HACKETT ROAD - Mannington Township. A cross-road connecting
Swedes Bridge and Bushtown roads.

HAGERTOWN.) Elsinboro Township. Between the Amwelbury road
HAGERVILLE..) the main Salem-Hancock's Bridge road, near a
stretch of woods called Sharptown woods, formerly stood a small
settlement known as Hagertown. The origin of the name is unknown,
but some believe it was named for Hager, the colored woman slave who
was convicted of the murder of Sheriff James Sherron in 1717 and who
was executed at Claysville. At one time Hagertown contained a grocery
store and a bake shop. UD-l195 mentions "Hager town in Elsinboro".

HAINES NECK.) Mannington Township. A sparsely settled vicinity
HAYNES NECK...) known principally as the site of the school and the
Haines Neck Methodist Church. In this place stood the home of Joshua
Huddy, hero of Monmouth County, who was killed by the British in
the Revolution. A legal advertisement of the sale at the time reads;
"will be exposed, on the premises, a valuable plantation, situate in
Haynes Neck, Salem Co., containing 300 acres and upwards, late the
property of Joshua Huddy, seized and taken ...." (SH-l25)

HALF-WAY CREEK - A small creek in Lower Alloway Creek
Township, flowing into Hope Creek. "1703, May 5. Deed. To Abel
Nicholson, of Allawayes Creek, yeoman, for 160 acres on said creek
near the mouth of Half-way Creek, between John Mason and George
Abbott." (NJA-2l:638)

A wondrous survey map made in 1729-31 by Thomas Miles, Surveyor,
shows Half-way Creek, the Delaware River and surrounding territory.
The map is drawn in great detail, showing the houses, the river bank,
and even a fish in the river (much doubt as to species). (SOHSM-85)

HALF-WAY HOUSE - Quinton Township. - Peck's Corner. At tie
junction of the Quinton-Bridgeton pike and the Harmersville-
Cohansey roads stands the Half-way House, so-named because it was
one of the stations where drivers in stage-coach days changed horses for
the drive between Salem and Bridgeton.



HALLTOWN - Mannington Township. This small village in the
northern part of the township was the home of many of the Hall
family. At one time it contained a wheelwright shop, a blacksmith
shop, and stores. It was the early residence of a Dr. Dixon.

HALL CREEK - Mannington Township. A tributary which drains into
Mannington Creek.

HANCOCK'S BRIDGE - Lower Alloway Creek Township. Five miles
from 5alem, on Alloway Creek. The village has long been noted as a
fishing and trapping section. In former times it contained canning
operations, blacksmith and wheelwright shops, stores and a tavern. It is
the hone of the Hancock House, well-known as the scene of the
infamous British massacre in 1778. Here also is situated the Friends'
Meeting House, the first part of which was built in 1756. See History of
the Hancook House.

At one time Hancock's Bridge possessed the nickname of "Hague" - no
one seems to know why. A road was laid out in 1709 from Salem to
Greenwich "by way of John Hancock's Bridge".

HANCOCK'S HURST - "1678, June 1. Return of survey to William
Hancock, cordwainer (shoemaker), of 968 acres, to be called Hancock's
Hurst, along the south side of Monmouth River, heretofore called
Allowayes Creek." (NJA-2l:542)

HANDBEY CREEK - See Carney's Point.

HARDING HIGHWAY - The name given U.S. Route #40 through
Salem County. It refers to Warren Harding, the twenty-ninth
president of the United States.

HARKER'S CORNER - Pilesgrove Township. This spot near
Richmantown was the site of a woolen mill, store, and blacksmith shop.

HARMERSVILLE - Lower Alloway Creek Township. This community
was originally called Logtown, and was the site of both a Presbyterian
and a Methodist Church. The first settlement was located, it is said,
somewhat east of the present junction, the road to Canton at that time
being located near the recent school-house, and ran to the rear of
Pumpkin Tavern. The main road from Salem to Greenwich proceeded
from John Hancock's Bridge past John Mason's mill, now known as
Maskell's mill. It is uncertain just where the old Presbyterian Church
stood. One historian states that it was about 200 yards south of the
school; another says that Canton tradition has it on the "southern end
of the Friends' burying-ground". In this immediate vicinity also stood
the Bethlehem Methodist Church, the grave-yard of which is still in
existence, but badly overgrown.

The village was later given the name Jaggers Corners, after a
blacksmith of that name, whose shop stood in the angle of the roads.
As the settlement grew, the name was again changed to Harmersville,
in honor of Ebenezer Harmer, who married a woman of property,
located here about 1845 and opened a store. At one time there were
two stores, two blacksmiths, a machinist, a wheelwright, an undertaker,
a cabinet maker, a shoe cobbler and a creamery located here.


HARMONY - Quinton Township. A school district on the Jericho road,
formerly called Tattletown, which name still exists.

HARRISONVTLLE - Lower Penn's Neck Township. Better known by
the undignified name of Pig's Eye. How it received that title is not
known. This village is about two miles from Salem on the Pennsville
road. It is said to have been named Harrisonville in honor of President
William Henry Harrison.



HART POINT - Lower Penn's Neck Township. "1684, August 2. Patent.
Wlllia:n Penn, Proprietor and Governour of Pensilvania, etc. and
Proprietor of Salem Tenth; Samuel Hedge, of Hedgefield; John Smith,
of Smithfield; and Richard Tindall, of Tindall's Bowery, in said Tenth
and in the Province of West New Jersey, executors of the last will of
John Fenwick - to Haunce Sheal, of Hart Point, said Tenth, planter -
for 100 acres on Mill Creek, north of Clause Johnson's plantation, west
of Salem Creek." (NJA-2l:569)

HASLEFEILD (Now in Cumberland County) "1687, June 13. Deed.
Robert Hutchinson, of New Castle Co., Pennsylvania, yeoman Ð to
George Haslewood, of New Salem, West Jersey, yeoman, and wife
Margrett - for 1,000 acres on the northside of the River Cesariae, alias
Chohanzey, to be called Haslefeild, half of the 2,000 acre tract acquired
from Jobe Nettleship, heir of Vicessimus Nettleship, April 22, 1685."

HAWKS' BRIDGE - This bridge crosses over Salem Creek, and is the
dividing line between Upper Penn's Neck and Mannington townships.

HAZELHURST - Alloway Township. Hazelhurst Pond, on the
Telegraph Road, is formed by the overflow waters from Cobb's Mill
(formerly Dilks' Mill), one of the few ponds in this section fed by
natural springs. The waters from both ponds flow towards Elkinton
Pond, one of the sources of Salem's drinking water. The dam
Impounding the waters of the Hazelhurst stream and forming the
beautiful lake was the vision and work of Mr. William H. Shough. The
spot is now a colored residential settlement called Paradise Lakes.

HEDGEFIELD - Mannington Township. 2,000 acres in Upper
Mannington adjoining Fenwick Grove were surveyed by order of John
Fenwick for his daughter Anne Hedge and her husband Samuel, which
land came to be known as "Hedgefield". (C&S-434) (AG 35:215).

"1694, June 12. Deed. Samuel Hedge, of Salem Town, gentleman, and
wife Anna - to Thomas Johnson, of the same place, carpenter, for 200
acres in Hedgefield, adjoining Joseph North and Rowland Ickhoot,
along the Pasture Branch, except 30 ft. square at the landing at
Manneton Creek." (NJA-21:606)

"1696, Sept. 8. Deed. Samuel Hedge, of Salem Town, gentleman, and
wife Anna - to John Smith, late of Grundell Hill on Allaways Creek,
Salem Co., yeoman, for 1160 acres, the now remaining part of
Hedsefeild and tract of 2,000 acres on Manneton Creek bequeathed to
grantors by John Fenwick." (NJA-21:615)

HEDGE CREEK - Manningion Township. "1683, April 18. Warrant
from John Fenwick to survey 200 acres for William Wilkinson - land
between Hedge Creek and plantation of Tindall Bowrey "being pte and
parcell of the Mannor" of Fenwick Grove." (SCHSU-l7). This warrant
contains Fenwick's signature.

HELL GATE - There seen to have been two places by this mane in the
County. In Lower Penn's Neck - 100 acres sold in 1733 to one
Bilderbeck. (C&S-428) "1705, Dec. 24. Survey for Samuel Hedge
'bounding thereon as Salem Creek now runeth threw the place called
Helgate''. (SCSU-l09) "1725, April 2. Survey for Samuel Hedge - "down
Salem Creek the several courses thereof to Hellgate." (SCHSU-ll9)

HELL NECK - Lower Alloway Creek Township. Several stories exist as
to how this vicinity below Canton received its name. One is that a
stranger, with too much apple-jack aboard, wandered off into the
woods and swamp and spent the night. In the morning, a nearby
farmer asked where he had been thru the night. Slapping himself the
man said he had "been in Hell Neck as near as he could tell". It is said
that Benjamin Abbott, the well-known Methodist evangelist, at one
time held meetings near here, and


HELL NECK (Continued)
remarked that because of its notorious depravity the place was rightly
named Hell Neck. As if to compensate for such a title, the school
district in this section was called Friendship. (SAD-V:271)

HELM'S COVE.....) Upper Penn's Neck Township. South Penn's
HELMÕS LANDING...) Grove, formerly Helm's Grove, is a much older
business place than Penn's Grove itself. It was named after Andrew
Helms, who owned land and kept a tavern, and who also, in the 1770's,
ran a ferry from this point to Wilmington. At one time the village
contained stores, a ship-yard and a public landing, as well as
blacksmith and wheelwright shops. Gill fishing was an industry, as was
shad fishing. The place became a part of the borough of Penn's Grove
in 1894.

HELSINGBORG - See Elsinboro Precinct.

HENRY'S CREEK - Upper Penn's Neck Township. An 1848 sap shows
this creek running west into the Delaware River above Deep dater
Point. Henry Jeans owned a tract of land in this vicinity.

HEPNERTOWN - Quinton Township. This once thriving community
was located one mile north of Jericho along the woods road in the
general direction of Peck's Corner and Woods Upper Mill; Maskell's
Mill to the west, arid Marlboro to the southeast. Hepnertown was
settled in 1872 by Jacob and Matthais Hepner, who ran a steam
saw-mill, and who were so busy chopping away at the virgin forest
that it was necessary to run their mill in shifts for two years. Here also
were made barrel hoops, split out of small trees. In addition to the saw-
mill and store, there were a dozen or so workmen's house scattered
around. Not a vestige now remains of this village. Houses are gone;
foundations are gone; the wells filled in, and the forest has again taken

HESSIAN HIGHWAY - Upper Pittsgrove Township. This road
formerly crossed the east end of Whig Lane, but is now in disuse.

HESTER'S STOPPING - Elsinboro Township. This name was given to
part of the bank enclosing the meadow controlled by the Middle Neck
Meadow Company. It is located below Sinnickson's Landing and near
the mouth of Salem River.

HINCHNAN'S REACH - Lower Penn's Neck Township. A bend in
Salem Creek near Supawna (formerly the home of Reuben Hinchman)
is known as Hinchnan's Reach. He undertook the construction of the
Penn's Neck causeway under contract, and is said to have gone
bankrupt because the marsh proved bottomless. It is estimated the
mud extends to a depth of 60 ft. before hard bottom is reached.

HOGAN'S BAR - Not a tavern, as might be suspected - but a sand bar
at the mouth of Salem River which extended from the Elsinboro shore.
From this bar, in the early 1880's, one John Hogan dug and
transported thousands of tons of building sand.

HOGG CREEK (or Hogge Creek) An early name for Salem River -
which see.

HOLCUN CRERK - Also an early name for Salem River - which see.

HOLLINGSHEAD HILL - Quinton Township. Where the road out of
Quinton to the west turns toward Beasley's Neck stands a small hill
above the swamp, known as Hollingshead Hill.

HOLLYBOURNE......) (spelled various ways)
HOLLYBORNE CREEK...) Mannington Township. Hollybourne, the
plantation of Hypolite Lefever, lay south of Hollybourn Creek, between
Acton Station and Penton. "1676, Nov. 2. Warrant to survey to



Hypolite Lefeaver, who had bought from the Indians and seated
himself before Fenwick's arrival, at Holleybourne, Township of New
Salem - 3,000 acres in the first half allotment of Allowaies."
(NJA-2l :557)

"1676, Nov. 12. Return of survey to John Pledger and Hypolite
Lefeavor, of Beriton Feilds and Hollyborne, planters, of 6,000 acres
between Mannatons and Allaways Creeks, the Mill Creek and
Fenwick's River." (NJA-2l:543)

"1696, May 5. Deed. Hypolite Lefevor, of Salem County, gentleman, to
Joseph Pledger, of said Co., yeoman, for the tract called Hollybourne,
200 acres. West, grantee; north, Hollybourne Creek and Jane
Braithwaite; south, William Kenton, dec'd." (NJA-2l:6l2)

"1698, June 30. Deed of gift. Widow Mary Pledger, of Beriton Fields,
Salem Co., to her daughter Sarah Hurley, of the same place, spinster,
for a farm of 200 acres, called Hollybourne, bought of Hypolite
Lefevor." (NJA-2l:623)

HOLMELAND - Elsinboro Township. Col. Benjamin Holme built his
substantial house not far from the River in 1750. It was pillaged and
burned by the British in 1778, together with his ferry house, from
which he ran a ferry across the Delaware River. It was rebuilt and a
larger part added in 1784, and has been restored in recent years by Dr.
and Mrs. A. Ralston Green.

HOLMES STOPPING - Elsinboro Townshi. One of the small tidal
streams flowing into the Delaware below Mill Creek.

HOOK BRIDGE - A bridge formerly crossed Salem Creek between
Mannington, near Frogtown, and Lower Penn's Neck, at the end of E.
Pittsfield Street, which was known as Hook Bridge.

HOOK ROAD - Lower Penn's Neck Township. A road leading from
the Salem-Pennsville road, thru Beaver Dam and Glenside and ending
near Deepwater.

HOPE CREEK - Lower Alloway Creek Township. Hope Creek drains
into the Delaware River between Alloway Creek and Mad Horse Creek.
A short distance below the mouth of Hope Creek stands a marker
which divides the Delaware River from the Bay.

HOPPEMENSE - The Indian name for Bout Town - which see.

HORN RUN - Mannington Township. Horn or Home Run rises
northeast of the center of Mannington Township and flows westerly to
Salem Creek.

HORSE BRANCH..) Quinton Township. This small stream is located
HORSE RUN.....) north west of Marlboro. Its source is near the
Horse Branch school-house on the east-west road from Cohansey to

HORSE CREEK - "1684, Oct. 27. Deed. William Penn, Governor, to
David Bilderbeck, of Salem Tenth, planter - for 300 acres in said
Tenth, along te Delaware River from the north side of Horse Creek
northward." (NJA-2l:644)

HOUSE'S POND - Alloway Township. This body of water, no longer in
existence, was part of the Hazelhurst, Blackwood and Elkinton system
of waterwas. A saw-mill was in operation at House's Pond until about
1880.' Later, a distillery there was said to furnish a particularly fine
quality of apple-jack. (SCS_SCR_6:7)

HOWELL'S LANDING - Near the foot of Market St., Salem, on the
Creek. In former times a steam grist-mill was in operation near here.



HUNGRY HILL - Pilesgrove Township. "Nikomis'" Run is located at
the foot of Hungry Hill, one of the bounds of the Borough of

HYPOLITEÕS POINT - "1700, April 18. Deed. Hipolitus Lefever, of
New Castle, Penns., inn-holder, heretofore of Salem Co., West Jersey -
to Rothers Morris, of Elsenburgh, said County, husbandman - for 600
acres, called Hipolitus Point, the remain-ing unsold part of Chase,
fronting the Town of Salem, lately in the tenure of John Loyd." (NJA-

"1702, Oct. 20. Deed. Rothro Morris, of Elsenburgh, Salem Co.,
yeoman, to Richard Roodnutt, of Lefevor's Chase, yeoman for 600
acres, the unsold part of the tract called Lefevor's Chase or Hypolite's
Point, containing 900 acres, of which 300 are already sold to James
Barrett and Jonathan Beere." (NJA2l:634)

INDIAN BRANCH.) A survey map of Joseph Davis's plantation on
INDIAN BROOK ...) Oldman's Creek in 1808 shows a stream called
INDIAN RUN.......) Indian Run. (SCHSM-7l) There was also an
INDIAN TOWN....) Indian Branch or Run in Pi ttsgrove Township,
northwest of CentertonLake. (c&s-464). Indian Town is mentioned in
Deed SAD-Y:270.

INMAN'S ISLAND - Mannington Township. A survey dated April 2,
1725 for Samuel Hedge begins at Salem Creek, a little above Inman's
Island. (SCHSU-119)

IVY POINT..) John Fenwick himself spelled it "Fenwick's Ivey".
IVEY POINT..) (SCHSU-17) On the west side of Bridge Street
(now Market St.) in his town of New Salem, John Fenwick, in 1676,
erected his brick, hip-roofed home, which he called "Fenwick's Ivey".
This sturdy structure stood for 154 years, until 1830, when it was torn
down, and some of the bricks said to be in-corporated in the old
blacksmith shop still standing in Clayeville (the only brick building on
the right from Salem). The last family to occupy Fenwick's Ivey was
Sheppard Ferron and family; Ferron was a waterman.

Historians differ as to how many of Fenwick's daughters had houses at
Ivey Point (perhaps all three, which would seem reasonable). One
account states: "Edward Champney, joiner, was the husband of
Priscilla, eldest*daughter of John Fenwick. After their arrival, they
built a dwelling near that of her father and called the place Blanford
Grove." (C&S) *(Other historians state that Priscilla was the youngest
daughter of John Fenwick.)

Another account says that John Fenwick had a house of smaller
dimensions built near him for his son-in-law John Adams who had
married his daughter Elizabeth. (SCH-SCR-l:4

Still another, a deed, would seem to point out positively that Samuel
Hedge, who married Anne Fenwick, lived at Ivey Point "1678, May 31.
Deed. Samuel Hedge, of Ivey Point New Salem Township, Survy Gem,
of Fenwick Colony and wife Anne - to Walter, Francis and John
Forrest, of Burlington, millers, for the neck, called The Brothers
Forrest - 300 acres along Little and Great Mill Creek." (NJA-2l:566)

A number of years ago, the late George Price took the trouble to
determine exactly where Fenwick's house stood, and how to get there.
He stated: "Go down Howell Street next to the house of the late
Charles Mecum, turn to the right back of the house and follow a
straight line to the edge of Fenwick Creek, and there the house was
situated." Oil tanks now seem to occupy



IVY POINT (Continued)
this exact spot. Mrs. Arthur B. Smith states that her parents had it on
good authority that the main entrance to Fenwick's Ivey was the lane
running between #19 and #21 Market St.

IVEY POINT LANDING - "1692, May 16. Return of survey to Samuel
Hedge, of a town lot in Salem of 15 acres on the street between
Benjamin Acton, the Courthouse lot, Fenwick's Creek and Ivey Point
Landing." (NJA-21:544)



JAGGER'S CORNERS - See Harmersville.

JEANES CREEK - Lower Penn's Neck Township, "1684, Oct. 27. Deed.
William Penn, roprietor and Governor of Penna. and of Salem Tenth,
West Jersey, by his agent James Nevill - to John Lacroy of Salem
Tenth, planter - for 200 acres in said Tenth, along Delaware River at
the north-east side of the mouth of JeamesCreek." (NJA-2l:643)

JERICHO ROAD - The road in Quinton Township which runs from
the Salem-Bridgeton road to Jericho on the Cumberland County

JECAKS CREEK.) This creek is now known as West Creek, and is
JECAIS CREEK...) the boundary between Cumberland and Cape
May Counties. Cumberland County was a part of Salem County until
1748, so Jecak's Creek had been, in early times, a boundary line of
Salem County.

JESSE BOND ROAD - Mannington Township. Also called
Compromise Road. This is the road which led past the home of Jesse
Bond, schoolmaster. Dr. John A. Reinhard has restored the old house
which wa built in 1751 by Richard Brick.

JOHNSON'S, LANDING - Mannington Township. This landing was
along Fenwick Creek above the covered bridge.

JUGTOWN - Pittsgrove Township. The former name of a locality near

JUMBO - A small vicinity in Oldman's Township was formerly known
by the nickname of Jumbo. The significance of the name is not known.



KAGUS - See Hancock's Bridge.

KEASBEY CREEK - A branch of Fenwick Creek which cuts off the
Southwest corner of Mannington Township and is one of the bounds of
the city of Salem. The early name was Great Mill Creek, and at one
time it was quite a tributary, running to Angelo's Causeway and Town
Landing, near Kent Street.


KELLY'S POINT - Lower Penn's Neck Township. The point on the
Deleware River where the Penn Beach Yacht Clubhouse stands was
formerly known as Kelly's Point.

KEMBLE'S PLANTATION - "1677, Dec. 4. Warrant from John
Fenwick to survey for Samuel Hedge, 'my son-in-law' the tract called
Kemble's Plantation, and a tract beyong Mill Creek between
John Smyth and Richard Hancock." (NJA-21:557)

KENT CORNER - See Salem Streets.

KERLIN ROAD - Alloway Township east of Penton.

KIDD'S LANE - Manninglon Township - leading to the farm of the late
Jane s H. White. An 1885 map shows Kidd's Lane as bearing to the left
from Salem, off the Salem-Wcodstown road in the vicinity of the
Salem County Home.

KILCO HOOK - Lower Penn's Neck Township. This vicinity was
formerly part of Fort Mott, now a Government wild-life preserve and
bird sanctuary.

KILDEER RUN - Lower Alloway Creek Township - A small stream
running thru Thunderbolt Woods on the Salem-Hancock's Bridge

KING'S HIGHWAY - The principal towns of West Jersey prior to 1700
were Burlington and Salem, the county seats of the respective counties.
In November, 1681, the General Assembly, recognizing the importance
of a road between these towns, directed that a highway be surveyed.
The road was called "The Great Road from Burlington to Salem" and
formed a part of the Perth Amboy road. About 1702, the road became
known as "The King's Highwaf until after the Revolutionary War,
when the name became generally lost. The road followed a tortuous
course thru Salem County, the exact route of which is still being
determined. (SH-52,53. GCE-6,7. LS:97;SCHSCR;JFS:S0).

KINSEYVILLE - See Pennsville

KITTEN GUT - See Cat Gut

KYMBALL'S POINT - Elsinboro Township. What is now called
Elsinboro Point was known in Fenwick's time as Kymball's Point.
"1685, Aug. 10. Deed. Samuel Hedge, of Hedgefleld, Salem Tenth, West
Jersey, Recorder, and wife Anna - to Roger Milton, of Windham, said
Tenth, yeoman - for 350 acres at the head of Locus creek, near
Elsenburgh, called Anne's Grove, between Samuel Nicholdson,
Kymball's Point and John Thompson." (NJA-21:580)



LACROY'S POINT - Lower Penn's Neck Township. "1687, June 13.
Deed. Margrett Lacroy, of Lacroy's Point, Salem County, West Jersey,
widow of Michael Lacroy, of said place, planter, to her children,
Elizabeth, Anna and Mary Lacroy - for 300 acres, called Lacroy's
Point, derived from her late husband." (NJA-21:583)

"1701, March 5. Deed. Didloue Casperson, of Penn's Neck, and wife
Margaret, formerly widow of Joshua Gilletts - to Edward Mecum, of
the same place, ship carpenter, and wife Barbara - for 300 acres called
Lacroy's Point, on said Neck."(NJA-21:63l)



There are twenty or more lakes at present in Salem County, as shown
on the Freeholders' map. While some have more than one name, others
appear devoid of title. A few are now out of existence.

Algonkin Lake - the boundary between Upper Pittsgrove and
Gloucester County
Avis Mill Lake - Pilesgrove Township
Ballinger Mill Pond - Alloway Township (later Nickel's Mill)
Camp Edge or Sycamore Lake - Alloway Township
Camp Karney Lake - Pilesgrove Township
Camp Roosevelt Lake - Alloway Township
Centerton Lake - Pittsgrove Township
Cobbs Mill Pond - Alloway Township
Dancer's Mill Pond - Upper Penn's Neck Township
East Lake - Pilesgrove Township
Elkinton's Lake - Alloway Township and Quinton Township
line runs thru this lake.
Elmer Lake - Pittsgrove Township
Ewen Lake or Alloway Lake - Alloway Township
Fox's Mill Pond - Upper Plttsgrove Township
Hazelhurst or Paradise Lake - Alloway Township
House's Mill Pond - Alloway Township (Out of existence)
Jessup's Mill Pond - boundary between Upper Pittsgrove and
Gloucester Co.
Layton's Lake - Upper Penn's Neck Township
Lower Mill Pomd - Plttsgrove Township
Maskell's Mill Pond - Lower Alloway Creek Township
Mickle's Mill Pond - Quinton Township (Scenk's Pond)
Palatine Lake - Plttsgrove Township
Parvin Lake (State Park) - Pittsgrove Township
Ponchatoula Lake - Alloway Township
Quinton Water Works Pond - Quinton Township
Rainbow Lake - Pittsgrove Township
Sharptown Lake - Pilesgrove Township (out of existence)
Slabtown Lake - Pileagrove Township
Thundergust Lake - part of Parvin State Park - Pittsgrove Township
Willow Grove Lake - boundary between Pittsgrove Township and
Cumberland County
Woodmere Lake - Quinton Township - formerly Wood's Upper Mill;
originally called Chandler's Mill
Woodstown Memorial Lake - Pilesgrove Township

LAMPAN'S HOUCK - See Finn's Town Point

LAUREL HILL - Pilesgrove Township. Site of an early school. (C&S -

LAUREL RUN - Quinton Township. The stream that feeds Into the
Quinton Water Works pond.

LAWRENCE CORNERS - Pittsgrove Township. A community between
Olivet and Willow Grove.

LEFEVRE-PLEDGER TRACT - This tract of 6,000 acres was the first
land in this vicinity to be occupied by any of Fenwick's grantees, and
although its owners, Hipolitus Lefevre and John Pledger had seated
themselves here before Fenwick's arrival, it was not surveyed until
November, 12, 1676. The tract included the plantations of "Lefevre's
Chase"; "Netherland Farm"; "Quiettitty" or "Sandyburr Woods";
"Hollybourne"; "Petersfield"; "Provo's Holt", and "Beretom Fields".
Its boundaries were north by Mannington Creek and the lower portion
of Swedes Run; west by Salem Creek; south by the lower part of
Fenwick Creek, by Keasbey's Creek (early called Great Mill Creek); to
a stream flowing northerly into it and named Smith's Creek in the
survey of Smithfield (but later called Mill Hollow Creek); and by a line



running from the latter stream due east for nearly a mile, where it
turned south; southeast by Alloway Creek; and easterly about half-
Way between Quinton and Alloway and extending east of north to edes
Run, touching east of that stream and Limestone Run. The tract was
divided into six lots by its owners. The first lot - 900 acres - was called
"Lefevre's Chase". The second lot - Pledger's, was in the southerly
section, called "Netherland Farm". The northerly portion was
"Quiettitty" or "Sandyburr Wood" - comprising 500 acres and lay west
of the present Salem-Sharptown road. The third lot adjoined the
second on the east. The south bounds was Hollybourne Creek. Lefevre's
plantation "Hollybourne", where he resided, lay in this section between
Acton Station and Penton. The fourth lot, owned by Pledger, lay
between the third lot and the easterly line of the whole tract. The fifth
lot, in the southeast corner of the main tract, was owned by Lefevre
and known as "Petersfield". The easterly portion was sold to George
Provo and known as "Provo's Bolt". The sixth lot was west of the fifth
and in Quaker Neck between Fenwick and Keasbey Creeks. 800 acres
in the easterly part was Pledger's plantation called "Bereton Fields".
(The above is taken from a paper written by E. Salisbury Jones and
read before the Salem County Historical Society December, 1907.)

1687, Dec. 27. Deed. Hypolitus Lefevor, senior, of Hollybourne, Salem
Counts, West Jersey, gentleman, and wife Mary to their son, Hypolitus
Lefevor Junior and wife Hannah Carle, late of Philadelphia County -
for 900 acres, called Lefevor's Chase, over against the Town of Salem,
on Fenwick River, a swamp called Pudle Dock and Manneton Creek."

"1690, Nov. 14. Deed. Hypolitus Lefevor, Jr., and wife Hannah, sold to
James Barrett, carpenter, and. wife Elizabeth, 200 acres, part of and on
the north side of Lefevor's Chase." (NJA-2l:595)

"1697, June 22. Deed. Hypolitus Lefevor, late of Salem County, test
Jersey, now of New Castle, Penna., yeoman, to William Tyler, of
Allawayes Creek, Salem Co., tanner, for 600 acres of the 900 acre tract
called Lefevor's Chase, on Fenwick's River, over against New Salem,
along Puddle Dock, Manneton Creek and Fenwick Creek." (NJA-

LEFEVRE GUT OR CREEK - Mannington Township. A branch of
Salem Creek on the farm formerly owned by Zadok Street.

LIBERTIES OF ALLOWAY - See Monmouth precinct - also Salem


LIGHTHOUSE ROAD - Lower Penn's Neck township. This road leads
from the Salem-Pennsville Road at Pig's Eye (alias Harrisonville) to the
lighthouse and thence to Fort Mott.

LIMESTONE RUN - Mannington Township. One of the bounds of the
6,000 acre Lefevre-Pledger tract - which see.

LITTLE BLACK HOOK or.) Lower Penn's Neck Township. "1703,
SKIPPER HOOK.....,,) Deed. Walter Hughstis and Lucas
Peterson, Both of Penn's Neck, Salem Co., executors of Nathaniel Jeans,
son of Henry Jeanes, of said Neck - to John Jeanes, of the same
place, husbandman, brother of said Nathaniel- for 140 acres at
Little Black Hook, formerly called Skipper Hooke, on the Delaware
River. (NJA-2l:638)

LITTLE CREEK - Lower Alloway Creek Township. A tributary
feeding into Mad Horse Creek.



LITTLE MILL CREEK - See The Brothers Forest.

LITTLE NECK - "1706-7, Feb. 25. Deed. Charles Oakford, of Little
Neck, near Allowais Creek, Salem County, husbandman, to Stephen
Butler, now of Mannington Precinct, said County, bachelor, for 80
acres adjoining Joseph fare, part of the land bought by grantor and his
brother, Wade Oakford, of Abell Nicholson." (NJA-21:642)

LLOYD'S LANDING - Quinton Township. From the best available
data, Stacy Lloyd built his house on the banks of Alloway Creek (now
the home of George Agnew Chamberlain) in 1814, and established
Lloyd's Landing.

LOCKERTON.........) Oldman's Township. See Auburn.

LOCUS CREEK..) Elsinboro Township. Historians are divided as to
LOCUS ISLANDS..) the exact location of Locus Creek and Locus

Rothro Morris, in 1701, bought of Samuel Carpenter, of
Philadelphia, 1220 acres 'from the head of Locus Creek to its mouth";
also acres of marsh with several islands of fast land therein".
In 1729, Joseph and David Morris agreed to "erect, set up, build and
perfect a certain grist mill on a creek called Locus Creek and on an
island called Locus Island." Supposition is that Mill Creek was known
as Locus Creek before the mill was built.

"1694, Aug. 16. Deed. John Holme, of Philadelphia, gentleman, and
wife Mary, to John Mason, of Salem County, west Jersey, brick maker,
for 150 acres on Locus Island Creek, adjoining Joseph White at Ann's
Grove, part of the 2,000 acre tract on Delaware River bought by said
Mary Holrne of the executors of John Fenwick, June 13, 1694." (NJA-

"1694, Nov. 6. Deed. John Holme, of Philadelphia, and wife Mary, to
their daughters Hannah and Elizabeth Holme, for 2,000 acres on
Delaware River, adjoining Samuel Nicholson and the land called Ann's
Grove and Locus Island." (NJA-21:61l)

LOCUST ISLAND ROAD - Lower Alloway Creek Township. The road
just off the bridge over Alloway Creek at Hancock's Bridge, leading to

LOGGERHEAD HILL - Quinton Township. A high spot of land off
the Telegraph Road, from Alloway to Marlboro.

LOGTOWN - Lower Alloway Creek Township. See Harmersvil].e.

LONDON BRIDGE - Lower Penn's Neck Township. The second bridge
out Pittsfield Street in Pennsville.

LONG LANE - Lower Penn's Neck Township. This road, or lane, as it
was formerly called, is situated back of Harrisonville (alias Pig's Eye),
and is near the Sinnickson plantation. In early days it joined the road
leading over the Trap Causeway to Salem. In 1778, the British, during
their foraging raid into Salem County, left, without sufficient guard,
several wagons loaded with their spoils along this road. These wagons
were captured by the militia under Capt. Andrew Sinnickson. The
British account states that the wagons were immediately re-taken.
However, the British made so hasty a flight that the commanding
officer left his hat and cloak, which Capt. Sinnickson sent to him in
Salem the next day along with a coldly polite, tongue-in-cheek, note.

LONG POND - See Mad Horse Creek.

LUCAS CREEK - Upper Penn's Neck Township. One of the streams of
Bout Town land. (SCHSU-52)



LUCAS POINT - "l684, Dec. 20. Deed. fWilliam Penn, Governor to
Lucas Peterson, of Lucas Point, planter, for 100 acres along Delaware
River, on the north side of rynes Point, adjoining John Erickson.'

"1689, July 3. Deed of gift. John Erickson, of Lucas Point, Salem
Tenth, West Jersey, husbandman, to his son-in-law, John Stalcop, of
Christiana Creek, New Castle Co., (Penna.) and wife Annake, grantor's
dauhter - for 183 acres at said Lucas Point, part of 504 acres granted
by William Penn in two lots, Feb. 10, 1684/5." (NJA-21:595)

LUCKY BRIDGE - Elsinboro Township. One of the bridges in Tilbury,
formerly a popular skating spot.

LUNLEYS-SAWLEY - Manningtofl Township. "1680, Aug. 3. Return
of survey to Edward Lumley, of Lumles Sawley, in the Manor of
Fenwick's Grove, N. J., planter - of 300 acres, to be called Lumley's-
Sawley, on Tindall's Run, which goes into East Fenwick Creek, part of
John Ashfeilds 1,000 acres." (NJA-21:544)

LYNCH'S CORNER - Upper Pittsgrove Township on the Newkirk
Station Road.



MADDENTOWN - Lower Allowa.y Creek Township. On the road from
Kent Corner, Salem, to New Bridge, is the small settlement of
Maddentown, said to be so-called from a Madden family in the
vicinity. Former residents say they remember Lucy Madden, a widow,
who lived to be over one hundred years of age.

MAD HORSE CREEK..,,,.) A well-known stream running into the
THOROUGHFARE CREEK..) Delaware River north of Stow Creek. It
received its name, according to Lower Creek tradition, from the fact
that farmers, some years ago, turned their spare horses and cattle out
to pasture on Round Island and Ragged Island and left them for
long periods. At one time a disease developed and the cattle and
horses went wild. From that came the name Mad Horse Creek.

Many small streams thread thru these marshes, the names of which are
expressive, to say the least. Some of toe prominent ones are:

Alder Cove; Butler's Gut; Cat and Kitten Gut; Deep Creek; Eagle
Island; Fishing Creek; Goose Pond; Grog Gut; Little Creek; Long
Pond; Page's Gut; Pelick or Edgepelick Island; Ragged Island; Round
Island; Terrapin Gut; Turner's Fork.

MAGNOLIA - A small community in Oldman's Township.

MAHONEYVILLE - Lower Penn's Neck Township. A growing
community on the Salem-Pennsville Road above Harrisonville. The
new development is called Valley Park.

MAHOPIONY CREER - Mannington Township. The Indian name for
a small stream near Acton Station.



MAJOR'S RUN - A branch of Salem Creek which is the dividing line
between Pilesgrove and Mannington townships. Some say that
Fenwick, from his nearby manor house, traveled this stream in his

MANNINGTON CREEK...) Rises in the eastern part of Mannington
MANNATAINE CREEK....) Town-ship and flows west into Salem
Creek. The Indian name was Mannataine Creek. At one time it was
called East Fenwick Creek. (NJA-2l:545)

MANNINGTON HILL - When Mannington Creek was navigable,
vessels early landed at Mannington Hill, where there was quite a
goodly settlement of houses, a general merchandise store, a shoemaker,
a tavern, and blacksmith and wheelwright shops.


MAPLE BRANCH - Pittsgrove Township. A survey map of Broad Neck
in l7l shows Maple Branch and the land of Amos Strettles (later
Cadwalader Morris's land) (SCHSM-2l)

MAPLE GROVE - A community in Upper Pittsgrove Township east of
Pole Tavern.

MARLBORO - On the dividing line between Quinton Township and
Cumberland County. The vicinity received its name from the rich marl
deposits found here. The neighborhood has several marl beds, and the
deep excavations show where a great amount of marl, formerly used as
a fertilizer, was dug.

At one time there was a Marlboro, or Marshallville, in
Mannington township. This crossroad spot contained two stores, a post-
office, several dwellings and two colored churches. It was named for
Thomas Marshall, a colored man, who opened a small store in 1839.

MARLBOROUGH ROAD - Alloway Township - near Cobb's Mill.

MARLTON ROAD - Pilesgrove Township. The cross-road out of
Woodstown to the Sharptown road.

MARSHALLTOWN or Frogtown - Mannington Township. See

MASACKSEY....) The Indian name from[for] Oldman's Creek - which

MASKELL'S MILL - Lower Alloway Creek Township. Formerly
known as John Mason's Mill. A road was laid out in 1709 from Salem
to Greenwich "by way of John Hancock's Bridge, over Alloways Creek,
and thence along a new-made road to John Mason's Mill and on down
unto the old stage road near Gravelly Run" (later known as Jericho).

At one time several industries flourished in this immediate vicinity. A
blacksmith shop stood here for several years. There was a cider press
and still house near the grist mill where applejack, hard cider and
vinegar were made. (BRW-7l)

MASON POINT ROAD - Elsinboro Township. A short road from
Sharptown Woods in Elsinboro to the old Mason house. During the
flood of 1836, twenty head of cattle perished on the meadows on
Mason's Point.

MATTOCK'S CREEK - See Stow Creek.

MAUL'S BRIDGE ROAD - The Everts & Stewart map of 1876 shows
this road as leading out of Centerton, Pittsgrove Township.

MAURICE RIVER - The boundary line between Plttsgrove Township
and Cumberland County.



MEADOW BANKS - According to County records, 71 meadow banks
have, at different times, been organized in Salem County for the
protection of meadows and upland from the tides. 5 were in Salem
City; 8 in Elsinboro; 14 in Lower Alloway Creek; 1 in Upper Alloway
Creek; 18 in Mannington; 17 in Lower Penn's Neck; and 8 in Upper
Penn's Neck.

Among the first was the Stony Island Meadow Co., in 1794. Stony
Island was adjacent to Salem Creek where the first bridge crossed over
the old Trap Causeway to Salem. The first meadow Company in
Mannington was the Tide Mill Meadow Co. (1796). The first in Salem
was the Keasbey Meadow Co. (1796).

MELCUM ISLAND - "1693, Nov. 20. Deed. Thomas Budd, of
Philadelphia, merchant, to his son John Budd, of the same place,
merchant for 500 acres, called Melcum Island, bought of John
Maddocks, as attorney for Ellinor Huffe, widow of Peter Huffe, Nov.
29, 1682.' (11JA-21:624)

MICKLE'S MILL - See Lakes.

MIDDLE NECK - Elsinboro Township. "1680, Aug. 13. Deed. William
Malster, of Windham, West Jersey, gentleman, for himself, his wife
Katherine and her sister Frances Bowyer - to Marcus Elger, of Middle
Neck, township of New Salem, planter - for 450 acres, henceforth to be
called Middle Neck, along Parting Creek and Middle Neck Creek."

"1686/7, Feb. 15. Deed of partition between Marcus Elgar, of Middle
Neck, New Salem, West Jersey, and Isaac Smart, of the 450 acres
bought by said Elgar of William Malster; east and south Windham;
west Ann's Grove; north Samuel Carpenter, John Thompson and
Andrew Thompson; alias Elsenburgh, of which he sold the western half
to said Smart." (NJA-21:6l5)

A portion of the old Isaac Smart house erected in 1696 is still standing,
and is owned and occupied by Champion C. Coles.

MIDDLETON - Mentioned in the Act which set off Quinton Township
from Alloway as being on the road leading from Salem to
Allowaystown. (C&S-473)

MILES CREEK - See Cantwell Creek.

MILL BRIDGE - Mannington Township. A survey map of 1808 shows
this bridge as being on the Salem-Sharptown road. (SCNSM-1l5)

MILLBROOKE - "1702, Au. 31. Deed. Benjamin Acton, of Millbrooke,
Salem Co., weaver - to William Hall, of Salem Town, merchant for one-
half of a neck of land, 40 acres, with one-half of a grist mill, on the
main branch of Salem Creek, adjoining grantor's plantation of
Milbrooke." (NJA-21:634)

South Woodstown was formerly called Millbrook.

MILL CREEK.) There were several streams by this name in the
MILL DITCH..) County. In 1730, Great Mill Creek was mentioned as
one of the bounds of Salem to the east. It was later called Keasbey

Elsinboro - A survey map of 1827 shows Mill Creek as bounding the
property of Samuel Brick (SCI-{SM-90).

A deed from William B. Carpenter to Benjamin Holmes mentioned
Mill Creek. (UD-ll7S)

A survey of 1799 shows a map of Adams meadow on Salem Creek and
Mill Creek (SCHSM-75).

An 1827 survey of Rich Island marsh be-tween Mill Creek and Sluice
Creek (SCHSM-17).

A Division of property of John Holme "to tue middle of the bridge
over Mill Creek, thence up said creek." (UD-ll73).

On Mill Creek, Elsinboro, a tide mill was constructed by Joseph and
David Morris and Thomas Hancock in 1729, but was evidently not in
operation for more than 15 or 20 years. J. H. Holme, of Tacoma,
Washington, wrote in 1932: "Directly in front of the Holme farm
wagon sheds a lane led down to the lower meadows. From the edge of
the uplands a causeway was built to the bridge across Mill Ditch. This
bridge was about 25 ft.



MILL CREEK (Continued)
long. Within about 100 ft. on the right were the remains, it is said, of
an old tidewater mill."

Lower Penn's Neck - Some of the maps still in use show a Mill
Creek in this township.

Lower Alloway Creek Township - In Hancock's Bridge, a ditch was
cut from the vicinity of the grist mill of Edward Bradway to Alloway
Creek. The mill was abandoned about 1814.

Mannington Township "1678, May 31, Deed from Hypolite Lefevour,
Sr., of Holeborne and John Pledger, of Bereton Fields Ð to Salter,
Francis, and John Forrest, all of Burlington, millers, - for "all that
their westerne bounds wch runs from the head of Great Mill Creek
northwest downe to the said Mill Creeke, the said Mill Creek being the
west side bounds of their said plantacons called Holleborne and
Bereton Fields, to build a grist mill." (NJA-2l:566)

MILL HOLLOW - Mannington Township - On one of the branches of
Pledger's Creek called Mill Hollow, stood the first water-power grist-
mill in the County. It was erected in 1692 by fWilliam Forest (C&S-

Quinton Township - Off the Salem-Quinton road, thru the farm
of Norman E. Harris, is to be found the site of the early
Baptist Church, built in 1743. A few of the old stones are still stand-ing
in the grave-yard. The early road from Salem to Quinton ran
past this Church.

MILLTON - Pilesgrove Township. The name given to the locality of the
Richman grist mill near Richmanville.

MITCHELL ROAD - Mannington Township. Near Portertown.

MONMOUTH PRECINCT - See also Townships. This tract of land,
which contained 64,000 acres, was called Monmouth Precinct by John
Fenwick in honor of the Duke of Monmouth. It was also called the
Liberties of Alloways (NJA-2l:554); Alloways Creek Precinct (SFC-456
& NJAI; JA-2l:630); and Allotment of Alloways (NJA-2l:54l & SFC-
456). In 1760, Monmouth Precinct was divided into what are now the
three townships of Alloway, Quinton, and Lower Alloway Creek.

MONMOUTH RIVER - Alloway Creek - which see.

MONROEVILLE - Upper Pittsgrove Township. This village, in the
eastern section of the County, was named for the Rev. Samuel Y.
Monroe, and is sometimes known by the railroad name of Monroe
Station. In former times it contained a creamery, a blacksmith shop
and a cigar factory on Scott's Corner.

MOORE'S CORNER - or Dick Moore's Corner. Elsinboro Township.
At the junction of the Hancock's Bridge road with the road to
Amwelbury is the colored settlement of Moore's Corner, named for
Richard Moore, a former resident. Born in Maryland in 1801, he was a
steward on the "Major Reybold" for several years, but he is best
known for the hominy which he peddled on the streets of Salem to the
penetrating cry of a plaintive doggerel.

MORGAN - Pilesgrove Township. The site of an early school. (C&S

MORVAY'S CREEK - An early deed refers to Morvay's Creek in
Alloway Township. (UD-l132)


MORLEY'S SHIELD - Cumberland County. "1679/80, Jan. 26. Patent.
John Fenwick to Thomas Smyth, late of Mosely, Parish of Chadleton,
County of Stafford, now of Shrewesburie Neck, Fenwick's Colony,
gentleman, and Wil1iam Johnson - for 500 acres at Shrewesbury Neck,
between Cohanzioke River, Borthe's Plantation, Shrewes


bury Creek, Dickman's Plantation, hereafter to be called Moseley's
Shield and Johnson's Cottage - part of the 20,000 acres granted to
Edward Bourne in trust for said John Fenwick." (NJA-21:568)

MOUNT MISERY - Pilesgrove Township. Later called Weatherby's
Hill near Woodstown

MORERÕS STATION - Alloway Township. A flag stop on the

MUD DIGGER DITCH - Elsinboro Township. Thswas one of the
courses draining the land of the Town Bank Meadow Co., formerly the
first stream crossing Tilbury road.

MUDDY RUN - Pittsgrove Township. A small stream flowing from
Parvin State Park Lake to Rainbow Lake; also one of the tributaries of
the lake at Elmer.

MULBERRY FERME - Mannington Township. "1688, Sept. 29. Lease.
Reyneere Vanilyst to William Winton and his son, Nichollas - of the
plantation called Mulberry Ferme - 300 acres on Maneton Creek, for
seven years." (NJA-2l:55l)

MULBERRY POINT - 1686, Aug. 31. Warrant to survey for Anthony
Dixon 1-9- (SCHSU-45 & 50) 00 acres "next to Mulberry Poynt" near

MUNNOUTH RIVER - See Alloway Creek.


MUTTONTOWN WOODS - Mannington Township. This beautiful
little stretch of woods at the cross-roads of theQuinton-Mannington
Hill and the Quaker Neck-Alloway roads, is said to have been part of
the original 2,000 acres belonging to Benjamin Wyncoop. How it
received this name is not definitely known. One tradition is that sheep,
before shearing, were sometimes washed in a nearby stream.



NAZARETH - Alloway Township - See Aldine.

NETHERLAND PARM - Mannington Township, Originally this was
the second lot in the division of the Lefevre-Pledger tract of 6,000 acres.
(See Lefevre-Pledger Tract). Here John Pledger, Jr., in 1727, erected
the brick house which is still standing. The John Pledger, Sr.
plantation was on the sixth lot, called Bereton Fields. The British, in
1778, pillaged Netherland Farm, capturing the owner, Robert Pledger
Johnson, and imprisoning the other members of the family in the
cellar. (SaD D:5L8).

NEVILL'S LARDING - See Salem Streets.

NEVILL'S PLANTATION - New Salem. James Nevill was the agent for
Governor William Penn, and owned property on Nevill Street, which
was near what is now Kent Street (See Salem Streets). "1685/6. Jan. 20.
Patent. Executors of John Fenwick to Thomas Kent, of



New Salem, glover - for 10 acres there, late in the tenure of Peeter
Cornelius, between the street to Mr. Neuill's (Nevill) Plantation, the
street to the Town Landing, a little creek, running by Neulll's Landing,
and George Deacon." (NJA2l:343)

NEW ALBION - In 1632, Sir Edmund Plowden, an Irishman, was
granted a tract of land by King Charles I, which included New Jersey,
Delaware, Maryland, Pennsylvania and Long Island. He had grandiose
plans for settling his colony, and "Watsessett", as this vicinity was
called, was leased to Sir Thomas Danby. Sir Thomas planned to build
the town and manor of Danby Fort in this section. Sir Edmund visited
his possessions in 1642, but immediately ran into difficulty with the
Swedes hereabouts. After a series of hardships in this County, he
returned to England and the venture gradually died.

NEW BRIDGE - Lower Alloway Creek Township. The bridge over
Alloway Creek between Hancock's Bridge and Quinton.

NEW BOSTON - Alloway Township - See Cohansey.

NEW BROOK - Mannington Township. "1684, April 8. Deed. Samuel
Hedge, of Hedgefield, West Jersey, gentleman, and wife Anna to Joseph
North and Rowland Ickhooke, of Manneton Creek, West Jersey,
planters - for 300 acres, to be called New Brook, on said creek
adjoining Mark Reeve and Thomas Watson." (NJA21:582)

NEW FREEDOM - A settlement in Upper Pittsgrove Township near
the border of Gloucester County.

NEW HAVEN COLONY - In 1640, a company of colonists from New
Haven landed in this vicinity (it is thought in Elsinboro), and were the
first English to settle in this County. They erected a block-house,
trading post and a number of small homes. Their venture did not last
long, as they encountered trouble with the Swedes and Dutch, and
some historians claim an epidemic of pleurisy among them depleted
their number to a great extent. What really happened to them is a
matter of conjecture. It is claimed that a few may have remained on
their small farms, but this is not known to be a fact.

NEWKIRK - A former railroad stop on the W.J.S.S.R.R. between
Daretown and Elmer.

NEW NETHERLAND - 1702/3, Feb. 24. "Articles of agreement -
Margaret Braithwaite, widow of Manning Braithwaite, of Manneton
Creek, Salem Co., yeoman, deceased, with John Pledger of New
Neatherland, same County, yeoman ." (NJA-2l:635)

NEW SALEM - See Salem.


NIKOMUS RUN - (various spellings) - Pllesgrove Township. Thomas
Yorke, of England, purchased, in 1687, 500 acres on Necomis Run, a
part of Fenwick's Grove, then known as White's Vineyard. (C&S-32l)
"1698, Nov. 6. Deed. Benjamin Acton, of Salem County, weaver to
Thomas Elwell, late of New England, now of Salem Town, weaver for
110 acres on Nicomusses Branch, at the upper end of Obranceses old
field, adjoining Thomas Pile, part of the 1500 acre tract bought of
William Hall and wife April 29, 1695." (NJA-2l:623) Nikomus Run
empties into Salem Creek near Sharptown.

NORMA........) One of the early Jewish settlements in the
BRADWAY STATION.......) southeastern part of the township of
Pittsgrove. The early railroad name was Bradway Station.



OAKLAND - Alloway Township. This vicinity received its name from a
grove of white oak trees located thereabouts, which were much in
demand for shipbuilding at Alloway. Later the W.J.S.S.R.R. stop
became known as Oakland Station.

OAKIOOD BEACH - Elsinboro Township. The sandy beach along the
shore of the Delaware River was a popular spot long before it became
well-known as a local summer resort. The first cottages were built, it is
said, in the 1890's. A pavilion and dance hail became an attraction, and
two country clubs and golf fields were established, although only one is
now in existence. Many permanent homes are being erected, and it is
now a growing community.

OBISQUAHASSIT - Lower Penn's Neck Township. Obisquahassit was
the Indian name for a large section of west Fenwick, or Lower Penn's
Neck, but now applies particularly to the Sinnickson plantation. About
the year 1645, Andreas Sinnickson (name spelled various ways)
purchased a large tract of land from the natives. After Fenwick's
arrival in 1675, Sinnickson secured from the new proprietor a quit-
claim of his tract in consideration of payment of a yearly rental of
three shillings. The family has continued to occupy this land, and
descendants of the first settler are still in possession of a portion of the
ancestral tract.

The name "Obisquahassit" In the Indian tongue meant "by the muddy
waters". The house, built in 1740 by Andrew Sinnickson is located on
what was formerly known as Fenwick Point, overlooking Salem Creek.

OESCHSLE ROAD - Mannlngton Township - Crosses Hackett Road.


OLD GLADES - See Berry's Chapel.

OLDMAN'S CREEK - This body of water, which separates Pilesgrove
and Oldman's Townships from Gloucester County, has had various
names. An old survey for Thomas Pyle of his 10,000 acres calls it
Masacksey - to be called Berkley's River. The Indians called it
Masassacus. Fenwick called it Berkeley River. The Swedes called it
Kagkikanizacklens Sippus, or Alderman's Ku.

OLIVET - Pittsgrove Township. This farming section near Centerton
was originally part of Broad Neck, the school district being known
by that name. Olivet was a circuit in the Methodist Conference, which
included the Elmer, Friendship and other Churches.

ONE TREE HOOK - "1684, Oct. 27. Deed. 'William Penn, Governor, to
John Henricksen, of One Tree Hook, on Delaware River, Salem Tenth,
planter - for 400 acres along said River from the mouth of Horse Creek
southward." (NJA-2l:644)

ORPHANS LAND - Lower Penn's Neck Township. 1688, April 25.
Survey for James Nevill of a tract of land in Penn's Neck called
Orphans' Land, adjoining Ffob Johnson. (SCHStJ-7l) See also
Cranberry Ponds.

OYSTER COVE - Shown on the present Freeholders' map as a cove in
Lower Alloway Creek Township near Bayside.




PAGE'S GUT - See Mad Horse Creek,

PAGE'S PLANTATION - "1688, May 1. Deed. Anthony Page, of
Allawayes Creek, Salem Co., yeoman, and wife Mary - to Joseph Ware,
of the same place, yeoman, and wife Martha - for 100 acres on the
southside of said Creek, called Page's Plantation, bought of Edward
Wade, Nov. 14, 1678." (NJA-2].;587)

PALATINE - Pittsgrove Township. This fertile farming district is said
to have been settled by Dutch and German families, who raised much
produce, especially potatoes, which were shipped out by railroad, the
name of which was then 1ard's Station.

PARADISE LAKE - See Hazelhurst.

THE PARK - Pilesgrove Township. This was the name of the
plantation of the Sharp family. About 1730, Isaac Sharp emigrated
from Ireland to America and took possession of 600 acres of land at
Blesslngton, later called Sharptown. Here he erected a house, the frame
of which, it is said, he brought from Ireland. The site of his home was
known for many years as "The Park", due to a large deer park which
he maintained. (C&S-448)

PARKER'S CORNERS - Pittsgrove Township. Just beyond Palatine
Lane is the site of a blacksmith shop, store and hotel, known formerly
as Parker's Corners. It is now a lost village, not a remnant remaining.

PARKERTOWN - Shown on an old map as a vicinity in Oldman's

PARTING CREEK - "1679, May 20. Deed. Edward Champneys of
Munmouth River, alias Allawayes Creek, Township of New Salem,
Fenwick's Colony, -West Jersey, joiner, and wife Elizabeth, to Barnard
Devonish, late of the Parish of Great Bartholomew,London, now at
Blanford Grove, Township of New Salem, barber surgeon- for 500 acres
at the mouth of a creek (Parting Creek) running into Munmouth
River on the eastside, part of 2,000 acres on the north side of
Munmouth River, granted to Edward Champneys and wife
Priscilla by John Fenwick June 7, 1675." (NJA-2l:58O)

"1680, Aug. 13. Deed. 'William Malster, of Windham - to
Marcus Rigor, of Middle Neck - 450 acres henceforth to be called
Middle Neck, along Parting Creek and Middle Neck Creek."

PARVIN STATE PARK - Pittagrove Township. Site of an old saw-mill
owned by Lemuel Parvin. This site was purchased by the State of New
Jersey and established as a State Park in 1931. Now one of the most
beautiful spots in the County, it contains, In addition to tae lake, many
winding trails and roads lined with laurel, dogwood and holly. It also
provides vacation and picnic facilities

PASTURE BRANCH - See Hedgefleld.

PAULDING - A small neighborhood in PIlesgrove Township, formerly
a railroad flag station between Yorketown and Daretown.

PAYNE'S PYTLE - Nevill St., Salem. "1679, June 6. Patent. John
Fenwick to John Payne, of Salem, planter - for 10 acres to be called
Payne's Pytle, on Nevill's Street." (NJA-21:34l) (Pytle means a small
field or enclosure.)




PECK'S CORNER - Quinton Township. This cross-roads vicinity on
the Quinton-Bridgeton pike received its name from a character named
William or "Bill" Peck. It is said that after the death of
Dr. Thomas Peck, his widow and son Bill moved to the Half-way
house. Bill was something of a character, tramping bare-
foot thru the country-side. Although he wore shoes in the
winter, he preferred them with the toes cut out. (SCHSCR-lB:2)

PEDDERICK'S NECK - Oldman's Township. "1686, Aug. 11. Patent,
William Penn, et al, executors of John Fenwick - to Roger Peddrick, of
Ouldman's Creek, Salem Tenth - for 140 acres to be called Pedderick's
Neck, at the mouth of said creek, and a little creek running into it."

PEDRICKTOWN - Oldman's Township. First known as Pedricksburg.
This, the largest village in the township, was named in honor of the
pioneer, Roger Pedrick. The town is situated in the midst of a rich
farming section. Nearby, at one time, were valuable beds of marl. 1000
acres were surveyed to Pedrick June 17, 1682.

PENN BEACH - A growing residential community on the Delaware
River in Lower Penn's Neck township south of Pennsville.

PENN'S NECK - See Townships.

PENN'S GROVE - Upper Penn's Neck Township. The name Penn's
Grove was given to the small village on the Delaware early in the
1800's. It has been stated that prior to 1829 there was but one house;
most of the activity taking place at Helm's Cove, a mile south along the
River, where there was a ship-yard and a tavern. Gradually, however,
due largely to the fishing industry, including sturgeon, Penn's Grove
started to grow, and canning and other factories were established,
Many freight boats were engaged in carrying farm produce from here
to Wilmington and Philadelphia markets. For many years, French's
Grove and hotel catered to excursions from Philadelphia and
Wi1mington. In 1894, Helms's Cove became a part of Penn's Grove,
and the whole incorporated as a borough in l902. The expansion of the
E.I.duPont Nemours plant has, of course, greatly added to the growth
of the town. Penn's Grove has suffered two disastrous fires - one in the
late 1890's or early 1900's, the exact date not available; and the second
fire on March 1, 1932, when many business houses and homes, as well
as a church, were burned. The center of the town, at Broad and Main,
has been known for years as "Dogtown Corner". Penn's Grove is the
home of the Penn's Grove Record".

PENN'S NECK CANAL - This man-made waterway runs thru the
upper point of Lower Penn's Neck and a small section of Upper Penn's
Neck. As early as 1770, a subscription paper was in existence for the
digging of a canal, but nothing came of it. In 1800 another effort was
made and a charter was granted by the Legislature to the Penn's Neck
Canal Company, but not sufficient stock could be sold to finance the
project. In 1831 another effort failed. Finally, in 1868, digging was
started and the dam, cutting off Salem Creek, built. After a cave-in
which necessitated a second cut, the work was finally accomplished.
The Canal, two miles long, began at a point on Salem Creek about one-
half mile below Hawks' Bridge and flowed into the Delaware River
between what is now the duPont Chambers Works and the Atlantic
City Electric Co. plant. The purpose of the canal as to provide a short
cut to the River for the fertile farms up-stream, and for many years
tons of produce, especIally tomatoes, were sent to market thru this
canal. The Canal is now the property of tne Dupont Company.



PENNSVILLE - Lower Penn's Neck Township. - Former names -
Kinseyville and Craven's Ferry. On the Kinsey farm just northeast of
the village proper, but usually included in Pennsville, were three or
four early houses, known as Kinseyville, where a windmill was
operated. (C&S)

From the earliest history of the County, a ferry ran from this point to
New Castle, it being one of the shortest distances across the River. In
1800 a regular ferry service was established and a stage line operated to
Salem. Richard Craven was the owner of the stage and landlord of the
hotel at the ferry. A post office was established at Craven's Ferry in

For many years Pennsville contained a thriving shad-fishing and
canning industry. A hotel and surrounding park, known as Silver
Grove (so-named for the silver maples flourishing there) was, for many
years, a favorite recreation spot. The park has now been greatly
enlarged and is known as the Riverview Anusement Park.

PENNY HILL - See Salem.

PENNYTOWN - Pittsgrove Township. The early name of Greenville.

PENTON.....) Alloway Township.Named in honor of Daniel
PENTONVILLE.) Penton, a former well-known resident. The village
GUINEATOWN..) is known chiefly for its brick-yards - an early one
being es-tablished by Jacob Thackra, a later one by John Bee, and yet a
later one by Smith B. Sickler. It is stated the village was named
Guineatown by Burton Penton, who died there about 1795.
The name "Penton" was suggested by his granddaughter when the
post-office was established.

PENTON ABBEY - Alloway Township. - Situated on Alloway Creek on
the continuation of the road east out of Penton. William Penton
received from John Fenwick 500 acres of land later known as Penton
Abbey. Two brothers, William and Daniel Penton, lived on part of the
original 500 acres. (SOCSCR-5:l8)

PEOCKUNOK - See Quiahocking.

PERKINTOWN - Oldman's Township. This hamlet is south of
Pedricktown in a farming neighborhood. Near here, in recent years,
huge plants and laboratories for the manufacture of explosives have
been erected.

PERSIMMON ISLAND - Elsinboro Township. Mentioned on survey
map as being on property owned in 1827 by Samuel Brick; and on
survey map of land of William Carpenter - 1828. (SCHSM-9O & 91)

PETERSFIELD - The fifth lot in the division of the Lefevre-Pledger
Tract - which see.

"1690/1, Feb. 17. Deed. Hypolite Lefevor, Senior, late of St. Martin's in
ye Ffeilds, Co. of Middlesex, Eng., now of Hollibourne, Salem Co., West
Jersey, gentleman, and wife Mary to John Worlidge, of Allawayes
Creek, alias Munsouth River, Salem Co., gentleman, and wife Anne,
daughter of said Hypolite Lefevor and Mary - for 1,000 acres on said
Creek, commonly known to be the fifth lot or thousand in the
devident, called Petersfield, near the head of Hollybourne Creek,
excepting 300 acres thereof in the occupation of William Willis." (NJA-

"1693, Aug. 3. Deed. John Worlidge, of Salem Town, Esq., and wife
Ann - to William Kenton, late of Maryland, now of said town,
carpenter, and wife Mary - for 600 acres, part of Petersfetid, on the
north side of and along Allawayes Creek, adjoining John Pledger,
widow Braithwaite, William Willis and Pentons." (NJA-21:602)



PIG'S EYE - See Harrisonville.

PILESGROVE PRECINCT...) See also Townships. Pilesgrove
PILESGROVE PARISH....) received its name from Thomas Pile
(or Pyle) an eminent Friend, Who, in 1682, purchased 10,000 acres.

"1682, June 20. Return of survey to Thomas Pyle, of London, citizen
and upholsterer, of 10,000 acres, bought by him in the name of
Richard Guy, cheesemonger .... Of said tract, 7,905 acres are bounded
by Fenwick's River, Cannon's Creek, Pyles Mount, Masaeksey, alias
Oldman's, alias Berkley Creek, Pyles Bounder Creek - the balance in
Necomusses Neck between Necomusses Run, now called Fenwick's
Grove Run and Fenwick's River." (NJA-21:545)

"1689, may 2 - Quit-claim from Richard Guy and Edward Champneys
to Thomas Pile on 10,000 acres in West New Jersey." (UD64)

The Precinct formerly contained 84,000 acres (C&S-447). One record,
dated 1715, refers to the section as Piles rove Parish. (NJA-23:88) See
also (NJA-21:630; 23:297; SFC-455)

PINE TAVERN - Upper Pittsgrove Township. Shown on present
Freeholders' map as being a community in the upper part of the
township on the border of Gloucester County. See also (COB)

PIONEER POND - Elsinboro Township. Formerly a popular skating
spot in Tilbury on the outskirts of Salem. The area has now been filled
in and the sewage disposal plant built on the southern edge of the

PIPEING ISLAND - (Date missing - but among the deeds of the
1680's.) "Deed. William Penn to Richard Wilkinson, of Salem Co.,
planter, and wife Bridgett - for 200 acres on Fenwick's River, between
Andrew Senixson, Laise Cornelious, the marsh by Pipeing Island,
Joshua Gillett, Haunce Shial, Andrew Anderson and Peter Bilderbeck."
(NJA-2l :644)

PITMAN LANDING ROAD - Upper Penn's Neck Township. A Penn's
Grove environ.

PLEASANT HILL - Alloway Township. So-named for its beautiful and
pleasant hills, but formerly called "Seven-Eighths'. At one time a
spindle mill was in operation here, furnishing spindles for the spinning
industry at Remsterville. The school district was known as Washington.

PLEASANT VILLAGE - See Quiahocking.

PLOUGH POINT............) Lower Penn's Neck Township. Farm
PLOUGH PLANTATION....) owned by the Casper family near the old
Trap Caiseway. Mark Stretch, of Lower Alloway Creek, bought of
David Ware, son of Jacob Ware, in 1831, the farm called Plough Point,
joining Thomas Lambson's farm.

POINT AIRY - Pilesgrove Township. A stop on the WJ.S.S.R.R. north
of Woodstown.

POINTERS - (The Pointers) The juncture of highways north of Salem
where the road divides to Woodstown, Sharptown and Penn's Neck.

POINT PLEASANT - See Salem - Streets of.

POLE TAVERN....................) Upper Pittsgrove Township. Pole Tavern
CHAMPNEY'S CORNER....) de-rived its name, so it is said, from the
fact that a liberty pole, supposed to be the first one erected in New
Jersey, stood in the center of the village in front of the tavern, which
was the scene of much activity at the outbreak of the Revolutionary
War. The first regularly equipped military company of Salem Co.
was organized here. At one time the village contained stores, a
blacksmith shop, a tannery, and a small arsenal where Revolutionary
guns were stored. The tavern, which had been the scene of many
social festivities, burned to the ground April 5, 1918.



POMPTON HOOK..) See Finn's Town Point.

PONCHATOULA LAKE ROAD - Alloway Township. A road running
south from the Alloway-Aldine road to Friesburg.

PONDS - See Lakes.

POPCUPINE ROAD - A road in Oldman's Township in the vicinity of

PORTERTOWN - A small settlement in Mannington Township.

PRIEST POINT - Mannington Township. On the upper branch of
Fenwick Creek, about midway between the railroad bridge at Salem
and the railroad near Acton Station, was a former well-known
swimming hole for Salem youths. An old deed dated 1779 gives one of
the boundaries as "beginning at a post set on the south side of Holcom,.
alias Salem Creek, in Priest Point Wharfe".

PROVOE'S HOLT......) Part of the fifth lot of the original Lefevre-
PROVO HOLT............) Pledger Tract - which see.

"1679, May 2. Certificate of Hypolite Lefevre and wife Mary, that they
have agreed to sell and convey to George Provo, late of the Parish of
St. Martin's in the Fields, County of Middlesex, England, now of New
Salem, cordwainer (shoemaker), their dividend of the 6,000 acres
granted by John Fenwick to said Lefevre and John Pledger Nov. 2,
1676, that is 300 acres." (NJA-2l:547)

"1609 (sic) should be 1679), May 10. Return of survey to George Provo,
of the preceding 300 acres along the northaide of Monmouth River,
alias Allawayes Creek, adjoining Penton's plantation, the lot to be
called Provoe's Holt." (NJA-21:547)

PUDDLE DOCK CREEK...) Mannington Township. A branch of
PUDDLE DOCK SWAMP..) Salem Creek. An old survey map of
Mannington shows Puddle Dock Creek, Cripps Marsh, and
surrounding farms - 1746. (SOIISM-2)

1688, April 18. Warrant from Hipolite Lefevre "to survey for Jonathan
Beers 100 acres joyning Puddle Dock Creek, running into Manating
Creek". (SCBSU-67)

"1688, Aug. 13. Deed. Hypolitus Lefevor, Jr., of Lefevor's Chase, Salem
Co., West Jersey, yeoman, and wife Hannah - to Jonathan Deere, of
Maneton Creek, said Co., yeoman - for 100 acres adjoining grantee, on
the swamp belonging to Puddle Dock and said creek, adjoinino
Xpopher [Christopher?] Sanders." (NJA-2l:587)

PUMPKIN NECK - Much doubt exists as to the exact location of
Pumpkin Neck. Some local historians think the name is derived from
"Pompions Hook", shown on early Dutcn maps as land from Salem
River to w.iat is now Pennsville, including the Finn's Point section.
"Neck" is the English word for the Dutch "Hook".

PUMPKIN TAVERN - Lower Alloway Creek Township. One of the
old taverns near Harmersville on the Canton road.

PURLING CREEK - See Bastowe Creek.

PYLEÕS MOUNT...................................) See Pilesgrove Precinct.




QUAKER NECK - Mannington Township. See also WynkoopÕs Woods.
At the time of the Revolutionary War, all that land between the
branch of Fenwick Creek, called the Stone Bridge, and Keasbey Creek
on the Salem boundary line, was known as "The Neck", or Quaker
Neck. It comprised about 2,000 acres. The name still obtains, locally.

QUIAHOCKING..) Also called Peockunck. These names are
QUOHAKING....) not to be confused with "Quihawkin" or
QUOAHOCKEN...) "Quihawken", near Pennsville. In Pilesgrove
COHWKINN....) Precinct (NJA-23:438);on the Burlington Road
(NJA-21:608, 627);

below the branches of Oldman's Creek and near the head thereof (NJA-

on Salem Creek branch (NJA-23:52l); near branch of Morrisses River

"1700, Oct. 22. Deed. John Ithell, of Philadelphia - to John Reed, of
Peockuack alias Quihocking, Salem Co., for 200 acres along the
Burlington Road."(NJA-21:628)

"1702-3, Feb. 8. Deed. John Loyd, of Manneton Precinct, Salem
Co., husbandman - to Benjamin Deueel, of Salem Co., yeoman, for 200
acres at Quiahocking, hereafter to be called Pleasant part of the
former estate of John Marsh." (NJA-21:636) 1703, April 3. Deed. Mary
Beere, of Salem Town, widow of Jonathan Beere - to Thomas Stanford,
of Cape May Co., part of the 5,000 acre tract near Morrisse's River
called Quiahocking." (NJA-21:636)

See also Quyahocking Wood (NJA-23:l63);(SAD-AAA-l:34);
(NJA-21:606; 23:33; 33:304). See also Cowawking -and Wasse Tract.

QUIETTITTY.......) "Quiettitty" was the Indian name for the
SANDY-BURR WOODS..) section of the Lefevre-Pledger tract which
was the Netherland Farm, Lot #2. See Lefevre-Pledger Tract. This lot,
of 500 acres, lay west of the present Salem-Sharptown road.

"1684/5, Feb. 10. Patent. Executors of John Fenwick to Christopher
Saunders, at Quiettitty, West Jersey, for 8* acres in New Salem,
adjoining Morgan Druatt." (NJA-2l:342)

"1686, Oct. 9. Deed of gift. Christopher Sanders, of Quiettitty, Salem
Tenth, West Jersey, yeoman, and wife Mary, to their son-in-law,
Jonathan Beere, late of Burlington, and his wife Mary, their daughter Ð
for all that tract of land wee now live on at Quiettitty'; and 'alsoo all
other our lands, houses, leases, cattle,'etc. etc." (NJA-2l:583)

"1692/3, Jan. 18. Deed. Jonathan Beere, of Salem Town, yeoman, and
wife Mary - to Bartholomew Wyatt, of Salem Co., husbandman - for
600 acres at Quiettitty, on Manneton Creek, said Co., of which 500
acres were received as gifts from Christopher Saunders and his late
wife Mary, Oct. 9, 1686, and 100 acres bought of Hypolitus Lefevor
Aug. 13, 1688." (NJA-2l:599)

QUIHAWKIN..) Quihawkin was located at Cbisquahassit (the Indian
QUIHAWKEN.) name of Lower Penn's Neck) on the banks of the
Shanangah River, The present English translation would be Pennsville
in Lower Penn's Neck on the Delaware River. The name Quihawkin is
remembered now principally as the spot where the Presbyterian
Church was established in 1748 in the town of Pennsville. (SH-1l2;

QUILLYTOWN - A region of woods and swamp in Upper Penn's Neck
Township above Penn's Grove, noted for having been the over-night
stopping place of an escaped circus elephant.

QUINTON.............) Quinton Township. One of the early settlers
QUINTON'S BRIDGE..) in Salem County was Tobias Quinton, a
large landowner, from whom the village and township ofQuinton
derived the name. This spot on Alloway Creek was the scene of a
Revolutionary encounter in which Captain Andrew Bacon and Captain
William Smith played heroic parts. Tie town was the site of the
Quinton Glass Works, which operated from 1863 to 1906. The canning



QUINTON (Continued)
also flourished here.

On April 4, 1963, Quinton suffered a disastrous fire. The lumber-yard
and fourteen homes were destroyed, leaving 56 persons homeless.



RABBIT RUN - See Cranberry.

RAGGED ISLAND - Lower Alloway Creek Township. See Mad Horse
Creek. (SAD-C-ll6

RAIN TREE HOOK..) Lower Penn's Neck Township. Site of present
SMART HOOK....) duPont Chambers Works.

"1685 - Warrant to survey for Henry Jeans, of Smart Hook, 540 acres
of land, marsh, swamp and cripples, entire...". "Surveyed then for
Henry Jeans, 540 acres of land, marsh, swamp and cripples, beginning
at the mouth of a little creek called Rain Hook Creek."

RED BRIDGE - One of the bounds of Salem City over Keasbey Creek
and Quaker Neck.

REDDYSFOR.D NECK - Pilesgrove Township. A survey map of the
land of Joseph Davis, made in 1813, shows land called Reddysford
Neck. (SCHSM-70)

REDSTREAK ISLAND - Lower Penn's Neck Township - between
Fishing Creek and the mouth of Salem River. This is the place in
Lower Penn's Neck where the British are supposed to have landed for
their raid into the surrounding countryside. The spot is approximately
where Fort Mott now stands. (SH-l46)

REEVES RUN - A survey was made in the 1600's for a "Mr. Hedge" on
Reeves Run, Maneton Creek, Salem Creek and Hedge Creek.

REMSTERVILLE - Alloway Township. On Carlisle Run, one mile
southeast of Alloway. This hamlet, now entirely gone, was the site of an
early grist mill and a few dwellings. The mill was built by Richard
Wistar, who sold it to William Craig, who was in possession for many
years, during which time it was known as Craig's Mill. It then passed
into the hands of George Remster. A distillery, built about 1870, was in
operation for a time. (SH-48l)

RENTER ROAD - A short stretch of road off the Yorketown-Avis Mill

RICH NECK................) Mannington Township. "1693/4, Feb. 3. Return
RICH NECK RUN......) of a survey to Nicholas Winton, of 500 acres on
Rich Neck Run, between Edward Webb, Richard Maysey, George
Garrett, John Cullyer, Tindall's Run and James Viccary - part of the
1,000 acres due to Mary Champneys." (NJA-21:544)

"1702, May 1. Patent. William Penn, et al, executors of John Fenwick -
to John Hughs, of Manneton Precinct, Salem Co., yeoman, for 200
acres near Manneton and Sales Creeks, part of Rich Neck, formerly
surveyed for George Webb, on Gravelly Run, opposite to the line of
Nicholas Winton, up to the Beaver Dams and up Horns Branch;
granted to said Winton in 1699 and by him



RICH NECK (Continued)
conveyed to said Hughs, whereof the deed was lost in a fire of said
Winton's house and not having been recorded, tne conveyance is
herewith confirmed.' (NJA-2l:573)

RICH ISLAND - Elsinboro Township. Said to have been named Rich
Island because of the fertile soil. In July, 1799, a survey and Diagram
of Rich Island. on Mill Creek was made. (SCHSU-l55). In 1827, a
survey map was made of Rich Island marsh between Mill Creek
and Sluice Creek - property then owned by Samuel Brick.
(SCHSM-17 and 90)

RICHMANTOWN.....) Pilesgrove Township. The site of Moses
RICHMANVILLE..) Richman's saw-mill, fulling mill and later

RIDDLETON - Alloway Township. A former stop on the W.J.S.S.R.R.

RIVERIEW PARK - See Pennsville.

ROlTER'S RIVER - An early name for Alloway Creek - which see.

ROUND ISLAND - Lower Alloway Creek Township. See Mad Horse



SALEM COVE - Designated on the Freeholders' map as the entrance
to Salem River from the Delaware.

The name has also been given to a small neighborhood in Elsinboro on
the shore of the Delaware River between Sinnickson's Landing and
Oakwood Beach.

SALEM MANOR - A housing development out of Yorke Street within
Salem City limits.

SALEM TENTH - King Charles the Second, of England, in the 16th
year of his reign (March 12, 1664) gave a patent to the Duke of York
for the land in America from the St. Croix River on the east to the
River Canada on the north and the Delaware River on the west and
south. (NJA-2l:559)

"1664, June 24. Patent. James, Duke of York, to John,
Lord Berkeley and Sir George Carterett, Knight, for the
Land west 0f Long Island and Manhatas Island, bounded east by the
main sea and Hudson's River, West by Delaware Bay or River,
extending south to Cape May and north as far as the
northernmost branch of said River, called New Jersey." (NJA-21:559)

"1673/4, March 18. Deed. John, Lord Berkeley, Baron of Stratton - to
John Ffenwick, of Binfield, Co. of Berks, Esqre for one-half of New
Jersey." (NJA-21:559)

"1674/5, Feb. 10. Tripartite Indenture. John Ffenwick, late of Binfield,
Co. of Barks, of the first part; Edward Byllinge (his spelling - see
TJD_28), of ;Testminster, of the second part; and William Penn, of
Rickmansworth, Co. of Hertford, Gawen Lawrie of London, and
Nicholas Lucas, of Hertford, of the third part - whereby said parties of
the first and second parts (Edward Byllinge claiming an equitable
interest in the land granted by Lord John Berkeley) convey to the
parties of the third part, one-half of New Jersey, retaining ten equal
and undivided hundred parts." (i\JA-2l:559)

"1675, 7th day, 3d no. (May) Memo - that John Fenwick drew numbers
20,21,26,27,36,47,50,57,63 and 72 as his share of West Jersey and
accepted the same, the Trustees taking the other 90 numbers.' (NJA-



SALEM TENTH (Continued)
So Salem Tenth was on its way. Later that year, 1675, John Fenwick
set sail from London in the ship "Griffin" to settle his purchase. He
brought with him his three daughters, Elizabeth, Anne and Priscilla;
their husbands - John Adams, who had married Elizabeth, and
Edward Champneys, who had married Priscilla. Anne Fenwick, soon
after her arrival, married Samuel Hedge, who cane on the same boat.
Five grandchildren were aboard - Elizabeth, Fenwick and Mary
Adams; and John and Mary Champneys. Fenwick's second wife (not
the mother of his children) never came to America. The exact date of
the arrival of the "Griffin " is in question - but the date of Fenwick's
first deed with the Indians was November 17, 1675. (Note) The date
given in the N. J. Archives quoted below is Nov.7, 1675 but a photostat
of the actual deed reads: "seaven teenth".

"1675, 7th day, 9th no. (Nov.) - Indian deed. Mahawskey, Allowayes,
Myopponey, Saccutorey, Neconis and his mother, Necossheseo and
Monutt - to John Ffenwick, for the tract of land on Game or Fforcus
Creek, Delaware River, Cannahockinick Creek, adjoining the land of
Chohanzick." (NJA-2l:559)

"1676, June 25. Agreement of settlement and division of lands by the
chief purchasers of Fenwick's Colony and others now residing there, to
wit: every purchaser to have half of his land in the liberties of
Chohansick, tne other half in the liberties of Allowayes; a neck or two
to be laid out for a town at Chohansick, half for i-ne chief proprietor,
the other half in town lots for purchasers, the lots to be of 16 acres; the
Town of New Salem to be divided by a street, the land southeast of
that street to be laid out in 16 acre lots for purchasers, the other side to
be disposed of by the chief proprietor for the encouragement of trade.
Signed J. Fenwick, Edw. 'Wade, John Smith, Richard Noble, Samuel
Nicholson, John Adams (his mark), Hipolite Lefevre, Edw. Champneys,
Richard ihitacar, Wm. Malster, Robert 'iade."(NJA2l:554)

The trials and tribulations of John Fenwick, his controvlersy with
Byllinge; his mortgage and complicated dealings with Eldridge and
Warner; his disputes with the Swedes and Finns over their land
holdings; his imprisonment in New York, etc. will not be discussed
flare, but may be studied at length in various publications extant,
particularly "Major John Fenwick" by Frank H. Stewart - a re-print
of which is now available.

William Penn became tne purchaser, March 23, 1682, of all the
remainder of Fenwick's land in West Jersey, with tne exception of
150,000 acres which Fenwick reserved for himself. Subsequent grants
were made by Penn, after that date through his agent, Jaes Nevill.

John Fenwick, founder of Salem Tenth, died December, 1683, only
eight years after his arrival.

SALEM............) County seat of Salem County, N. J.
NEW SALEM...........) "Salem, or Swaape Towne, where Major
SWAMPE TOWNE.) Fenwyck sait downe" (NJA-l:283)

The town of Salem was laid out in 1675; was incorporated in 1695; and
The City of Salem was incorporated in 1858. It is the oldest permanent
English settlement along the Delaware River.

The Old Streets of Salem

In an article prepared by Thomas Shoords and read before the Salem
County Historical Society, the laying out of the town of Salem is
described as follows:

"Fenwick turned his attention, soon after his arrival in 1675, to the
laying out of the town, which he intended should be the capital of
South Jersey. A street was opened ninety feet in width from Salem
Creek, running a southerly course (West Broadway) until it intersected
another intended street, commencing at Fenwick Creek (Market St.);
the said street was intended to be



SALEM (Continued)
100 ft. in width and to extend to the town marsh; unfortunately, that
part was never opened (now New Market St.). The part running to
Fenwick Creek was not opened the full width by many feet; the front
of St. John's Episcopal Church being on the line of the street. From
Wharf St. (West Broadway) and Bridge St., (Market St.) another street
was opened about the same width, running south-easterly two or three
different courses to the corner of Thomas Killingsworth's land (now
East Broadway), then southward to Nevill St., thence south by east to a
branch of Fenwick's Creek, called Little Creek, where a wharf was
built and called the Town Wharf."

The eastern part of Salem was, in tue early history of the town, one of
the busiest and most important sections. An old map shows three
streets in 1694 that are now out of existence Mill St., Nevill St., and
Angello St. Fenwick, or Town St., so-called on this map (later East
Broadway), instead of coming to a dead stop at the head of town,
continued on until it joined Nevill St., which appears to have been a
continuation of the Maddentown Road from the present John Pedrick
farm toward what is now Quinton Road, which was not opened until
1809. Angello St. was a continuation of Kent St., at an angle, to
Angello's Causeway and Keasbey meadows, and was the old road to
Quinton. Nevill St. (Maddentown road) was shown as 'lye at yt goes to
Cohansey and road to Alloway." Mill St. ran from the Quaker Neck
road to what is now Quinton road, probably in the neighborhood of
East View Cemetery, finally joining Nevill St. (SCSCR-2A:l07)

"1685/6, Jan. 20. Patent to Thomas Kent, of New Salem, glower, for 19
acres there, late in the tenure of Peeter Cornelious, between the street
to Mr. Nevill's plantation, the street to the Town Landing, a little creek,
running by Nevill's Landing and George Deacon." (NJA-21:343)

Wiggins Corner (also at one time called Job's Corner) was the head of
East Broadway where Old York St. and New York St. (now Keasbey
St.) joined the intersection to Nevill St. A deed from Robert Johnson to
Henry Dennis calls for "lots on street leading from the gaol to Wiggins
corner." (UD-l192)

Kent St, or Kent Corner (sometimes called Nittinger's Corner) was
probably so-named for Erasmus Kent, who owned a farm in the
vicinity and kept a public house in his mansion at the corner. This
neigiborhood was the site of one of the first mills for grinding grain.
Keasbey Creek, early called Mill Creek, which was a branch of
Fenwick Creek, was a navigable stream as far as Town Landing, which
was somewhere in the vicinity of Nevill St., for it is shown above that
James Nevill had a landing on his property there. This street was
evidently quite a residential spot, for in addition to the Nevill
plantation, George Deacon resided at 'Deacon's Pytle" and John Payne
owned "Payne's Pytle" (pytle meaning a small field or enclosure).
Richard Gibbs and others also owned property on this street. Ten-acre
Creek bordered some of these properties.

In this vicinity also stood the spot called Gallows Tree Corner. A 1771
quit-claim from Edward Keasbey to Richard Smith, of Elsinborough
described the property as "beginning at the gallows tree standing in
the town bounds". A public notice published in 1787 mentions the
"highway leading from the old wharf (foot of West Broadway) by the
Court house, to Wiggins Corner, and from thence to the line of
Elsenborough, the street or road by William Tyler (spelled Tiler), to
the corner commonly called Gallows Tree Corner."

While in this section of town, we will mention Black Maria bridge. A
short distance out of Yorke St., on the Hancock's Bride road, but
within the bounds of Salem, formerly stood a stone bridge known as
Black Maria Bridge, so-named--for an old colored woman who lived in
a log house nearby. The bridge is no longer in existence - an iron
culvert having taken over its duty.



SALEM (Continued)
East Broadway was early called Town St., New Wharf St., Fenwick St.,
and then East Broadway. A later nickname of Bull Run has been given
this east ward of Salem.

West Broadway was first called Salem Street, and so-written in very
early deeds. Afterward, from the Court House to the Creek it was
Bradaway or Bradway Street, then Old Wharf Street, anft finally West

A survey, containing Fenwick's signature, dated Dec. 30, 1677 is for a
"lott in town of New Salem on Bradaway St."(SCBSU-11)

SCHSU-110 also mentions Bradway St. An early survey (no date) calls
for five lots in Salem sold to Edward "Caisbe".

Front St was first known as Mill St., and was opened about the time
the Penn's Neck Bridge was built in 1810. Before that time, a ferry
connected Salem and Penn's Neck with the terminus at Supawna. The
spot on the Salem shore was a sandy, shelving beach, known as David
B. Smith's Landing. North Bend is in the vicinity of Front St. The
origin of the name is not known.

North Second St was known as Lawson St.

Third St was Penrose St.

Fourth St.was then Third, and at one time called Bond St. possibly
because Jesse Bond, scuoolmaster, lived on the corner.

Fifth St was known as Fourth, also as Tyler St., and the north end as
Penn St. One map shows the entire street as Penn St.

Star Corner or Star Hall Corner. Previous to 1850, the corner of
Bridge and Old Wharf St., now Broadway and Market Sts. was called
Jones Corner. The name Star Corner came about in this manner:
There was a clothing store on Market St. in Philadelphia, owned by S.
Ashton, who displayed a large star as a sign. This "star man" as he
advertised himself, came to Salem and leased part of the Jones store on
the corner. After making changes to the building he erected a flag-pole
and hung out the star sign. From that time on it has been called Star

Seventh St was Parrott St., after William Parrott, who lived on the
corner where the Runsey Building stood. For a short time it was also
called Livingston St.

Johnson St In the year 1788, Robert Johnson made application to the
surveyors of Salem and adjacent townships to alter the public road
leading from the main street to Keasbey's Dam. This was granted and
"hereafter to be called Johnson St." Guilford Hall, of course, had been
built by his ancestor, Richard Johnson, many years before, in 1687.
This house stands at #1 Johnson St., the old foundations of which are
still in existence. A survey map dated 1809 (SOISX-76) gives a diagram
of lots sold off by R. G. Johnson on Broadway, with a cute little
drawing, in red, of Guilford Hall. According to a newspaper article,
Johnson St., at one tine was called Bradway St.

Penny Hill This is the highest point in that section of the town east of
Johnson St. The origin of the name is not known, but probably
jokingly called that by reason of its puny height. Deed UD-1195
describes land of Henry Dennis "near Penny Hill". The Second Baptist
Church stood on the south side of East Broadway at Penny Hill in the

Mechanic St was that portion of Eakin St. between Church and

Margaret's Lane later South Street, now Walnut St. According to
Shourds, this street derived the name Margaret's Lane from an old
lady by the name of Margaret who lived there in a small tenant house
owned by William Parrott. His tract was called the "Prairies", being at
that time a wild, unsettled section.

Margaret's Lane school-house of ancient days was supposed to have
been a one-story structure, its exact location is not now known. In the
basement of this school, one Peggy Margarets is supposed to have killed
her baby.



SALEM (Continued)
Sicklerville. At the foot of Walnut St. stood, until recently, a collection
of houses moved there by Zaccheus B. Sickler nearly a century ago.
Among then was the old Hornblower house, which stood on Broadway
near Fifth.

New Market St. This street, from Broadway to Wesley, was formerly
the Ingham orchard, and once called George's Lane, named for George
Hazelwood, whose wife's name, Margaret, was thought by some to have
been the reason Walnut St. was called Margaret's Lane.

Chestnut St. Much of the land for this street was donated
To the City by the heirs of Thomas Jones Yorke in 1886.

Oak St. This was once called Cow Lane, but probably officially named
for the old oak at the head of the street in the Friends' Burying

Griffith St. At first called New Street and New Bridge St. It was
opened in 1810, the sane year the new Penn's Neck Bridge was built.

Grant St was formerly known as East Griffith St.

Green St. There was once a street by this name at the foot of Oak St.
What is left of it runs between Oak and Chestnut Sts. and is called
Morningside Lane.

Market St was formerly called Bridge St. One of the first deeds,
however, called it Main St. The covered bridge at the foot of the street
was built in 1831, replacing previous bridges. Originally a ferry
crossed here.

The foot of Market St. was another busy spot in trie town of Salem,
containing stores, warehouses, tailor shops, shoe shops and other
business establishments. Ivey Point, the home of John Fenwick, stood
nearby on Fenwiek Creek. See Ivey Point.

Extent Lots A tract of land was laid out in lots between Broadway and
the covered bridge, with the exception of the Court House acre and the
Episcopal Church lot. These "extent" lots were divided between Robert
Johnson and Samuel Hedge by deed of division in 1784. The Johnson
home, now one of the County Buildings, was built on Lot No. 3 in 1803.

Malt House Lot. The significance of this name is not known. It was
located where the Friends' Meeting House now stands, at the head of
Walnut St. [Given what was going on in early Gloucester Town and in
Burlington it is likely that someone was either brewing beer on the site
or planning to do so]

Point Pleasant. This name was applied to the bank at the
foot of Seventh and Eighth Sts. on Keasbey or Fenwick Creek.
The area at the foot of Seventh St. and the railroad tracts was
known as Tickletown.

Among the less dignified names in Salem - an area of Lower Fifth St.
was at one time called Yellow Hell; and Murderer's Row was a line of
boat houses along Fenwick Creek at the foot of the Salem Glass Works
(now Anchor Hocking)

SALEM RIVER - Early names - Asamhocking (spelled various ways);
Varkins or Virkins Kil; Hogg Creek; Game Creek; Forcis; Fenwick;
Holcum; Oijtsessing or Salem Creek.

SALSENBYRY POINT..) Lower Penn's Neck Township. "1684, Deed.
SALSONBURY POINT..) William Preen (sic) to Jonannes Vanjmy, of
Fenwick's River, Salem Tenth, planter - for 200 acres on the northwest
side of said River and the mortneast side of Middle Creek, adjoining
Salsonbury Point." (NJA-2l:643)

"1686, Aug. 11. Patent. William Penn, et al, executors of John Fenwick
- to Jonas Scoggin, of Salem Tenth, West Jersey, planter, for 213 acres
on Delaware River at Salsenbyry Point." (NJA-2l :570)

SALTER'S CLAIM.) Partly in Lower AlloWay Creek Township.
SALTER'S CREEK.) A large portion of what in now Lower Alloway
Creek Township below Canton was purchased from the Proprietor by
early settlers from 1676 to 1683. Henry and Ann Salter bought a tract
of 10,000 acres from Jericho to the Bay, including Canton and



SALTER'S CLAIM (Continued)
vicinity. Much of this land was salt marsh, or "salt mash" as the old-
timers called it.

SANDY-BURR WOODS - or Quiettitty - which see.

SANDY RIDGE ROAD - Quinton Township. The cross-road north
from the Salem-Quinton road, terminating in Quaker Neck.

SAPANEY..........) Various spellings. Lower Penn's Neck
SAPAWNA.........) Township.Six years before Fenwick's
SAPPAEN MARARONTE....) arrival, 300 acres were purchased on the
east side of the Delaware called Sappaen Maronte, on Verckens Kil
(Salem River).

"1669, April 3. License to purchase 300 acres of Indian land on the
eastslde of the Delaware, called Sappaen i4aronte, on Verckens Kil,
granted to Mychgyel Baron." (NJA-21:6)

In 1676, John Fenwick gave to his daughter, Elizabeth Adams and
husband John, "all that tract of land in Penn's Neck known as
Sapaney." (C&S)

Sapawna is now the home of Mr. and Mrs. John H. Dilworth.

SARAH RUN - Quinton Township. This small stream forms the
boundary between Quinton Township and Cumberland County. It
joins with Horse Run and eventually flows into Stow Creek.

SCOTT'S CORNER - Pittsgrove Township. A locality about a half mile
east of Monroeville.

SCULLTOWN - See Auburn.

SEVEN-EIGHTS - See Pleasant Hill.

SEVEN STARS TAVERN - Pilesgrove Townsnip. At the juncture of
the Snarptown-Swedesboro Road (Old King's Highway) with the
Woodstown-Pedricktown Road. Now the home of Mr. and Mrs. Robert
A. Brooks.

SHARPTOWN - Pilesgrove Township. Sharptown, on the Old King's
Highway, was once the principal place of business in Pilesgrove. It was
on the stage route to Camden, or Coopers Ferry, and in addition to
two taverns, contained several stores, wheelwright and blacksmith
shops, a harness shop and a shoemaker. The village was formerly called
Blessington, after the plantation of the same name - the home of Isaac
Sharp. See also "Sharptown" by Frank H. Stewart.

SHARPTOWN WOODS - Elsinboro Township. Only two or three
houses remain of this very small settlement on the cross-road from the
Hancock's Bridge Road to Oakwood Beach. The strip of woods known
as Sharptown Woods was used as a picnic grounds in toe 1875 How it
received this name is not known.

SHELL ROAD - Upper Penn's Neck Township. The stretch of road
from the duPont Plant 1 to Carney's Point has long been known as
Shell Road. It was the custom in te days before hard-surfacing to have
the roads made up of whole oyster shells, which were gradually ground
down by the passing traffic. A newly-laid road of oyster shells was a
trial to man and beast, to say nothing of the early automobiles.

SHEPPARD'S CORNERS - Elsinboro Township. The junction of the
Oak St. road and the Amwelbury Road was, at one time, called
Sheppard's Corners. In the 1800's, John Sheppard lived in one of three
small houses that stood on the southwest corner. This spot is now called
Windee Corners, the home of Mr. and Mrs. Charles Nelson.

SHIRLEY - Upper Pittsgrove Township. This cross-roads settlement, on
the main thorofare from Bridgeton to Mullica Hill, was formerly



SHIRLEY (Continued)
known as Swing's Corners, named in honor of the prominent Swing
family, who lived nearby. The name later was changed to Shirley,
suggested by the wife of the local postmaster. At the present time there
is no post-office at this point. Shirley is in the midst of a fertile farming

SHIVER-DE-FREEZE - Lower Alloway Creek Township. This is a
small stream near Mad Horse Creek, and is the Salem County
pronunciation of the French "cievaux de frise" A chev-aux-de-frise was
an arrangement of iron spikes and bars placed in the Delaware River
during the Revolutionary War as a deterrent to enemy ships.

SHORE DITCH - Manningion Township. A tributary of Salem Creek.


SILVER GROVE - The name formerly given to tue picnic grounds and
hotel in Peimsville, by reason of the grove of silver maples growing
there. An even earlier name was Walnut Beach.

SILVER LAKE - Lower Alloway Creek Township. A road to the right
below Harmersville leads to the Silver Lake district of marshes and
streams. Here are to be found some interesting old stones, supposed to
be survey or boundary stones, dated 1689 and 1690.

SINGLE TREE POINT - Oldaan's Township. This locality is now
Oldman's Point, one mile below the mouth of Oldman's Creek.

SINNICKSON'S LANDING - Elsinboro Township. This group of homes
and cottages along the Salem River bank is located on property once
owned by John H. Sinnickson, for which the settlement was probably
named. At one time a railway for building and repairing boats was
maintained in this vicinity, the foundations of which were dug up in

SIX POINTS - Pittsgrove Township. Northwest of Brotmanville is a
spot where six roads intersect, hence the name.

SKIPPER HOOK - See Little Black Hook.

SKUNK'S MISERY - A former small settlement in Upper Penn's Neck
Township on the back road from Deepwater to Carney's Point.

SLABTOWN - Upper Pittsgrove Township, northwest of Daretown
located at the fourth in a series of lakes, which start with Memorial
Lake, Woodstown; East Lake; Kamp Karney Lake; and Fox's Mill

SLAPE'S CORNER - Mannington Township, where the road to
Auburn joins the Pointers-Deepwater road.

SLUICE CREEK - Elsinboro Township. On the marshes near Mill
Creek and Rich Island. Surveyed for Samuel Brick in 1827.

SMART HOOK - Lower Penn's Neck Township. See Rain Tree Hook.

SMITH'S BOWRY - "1679, May 15. Patent. John Fenwick to John
Smith, of New Salem, gentleman, and wife Martha - for Smith's Bowry,
along the road from Salem - 6 acres." (NJA-2l:339)

SMITH'S CREEK - "1676, Sept. 28 - Return of survey to John Smyth,
of New Salem, planter - of 968 acres in the half allotment of Allowayes,
alone Smyth's Creek, parting this lot from Pledger and Lefeavour's
and Allowayes Creek." (NJA-2l:542)



SMITHFIELD - Much doubt seems to exist as to tue exact location of
Smithfield (or Smythfield), the plantation of John Smith and is wife
Martha (Craftes) Smith, who came with John Fenwiok on the
"Griffin" in 1675. The N. J. Archives show that on April 30, 1675,
before leaving England. Fenwick patented to John Smith, mealman
(miller) and wife Martha, a 1,000 acre tract to be laid out in West
Jersey. (NJA-21:560) Also by deed June 7, 1675, John Edridge, of
England, conveyed to John Smith, mealtnan, a tract of 1,000 acres in
Fenwick's Colony.

In an article written by Lewis D. Cook and published in "The
American Genealogist" October, 1959, based on source material on
Smith of Smithfield, Mr. Cook states that the patented tract was laid
out on toe north side of Munmouth hiver (Alloway Creek), some five
miles south of the town of Salem, and having settled thereon, John
Smith called his tract "Smithfield". This challenges the statement
made by Cushing & Sheppard that John Smith of Smithfield
purchased one-half the Hedgefield tract in Mannington and the place
became known as Smithfield.

The sixth lot of the Lefevre-Pledger tract, as stated, was situated in
Quaker Neck, between Fenwick and Keasbey Creeks, the "south line
being coincidental with the north line of Smithfield." (SCffl4P-8) It
would seem from these statenents that Smithfield must have been
located on tue north bank of Alloway Creek somewhere between
Hancock's Bridge and Quinton. A local historian leaned toward the
assumption that it must have been somewhere near Quinton, and that
Smithfield Street in that village took its name from the plantation.

John Smith, of Smithfiald, lived to be 107 years old. In the year 1730,
his grand-daughter, Elizabeth Smith Hall, wrote on the margin of the
family Bible: "This day John Smith is 106 years old." He was born in
Diss, County of Norfolk, England, July 26, 1623.

SMITH ISLAND - See Redstreak Island.

SPORTSTOWN - Alloway Township. Tile old name of a community
near the village of Cohansey.

SPRING-WELL END - (Date missing). "The name of Thomas Kent's
five acres of land to be called 'Spring-Well End'." (NJA-2l:552)

STAGE ROADS - See Centerton; Sharptown; Seven Stars; King's

STEWART ROAD - Pilesgrove Township. Off Route 40 to the north-
east, joining the Eldrid.ge Hill road.

STEEN HOOK................) Lower Penn's Neck Township. On the
GREAT STAINE HOOK.....) Delaware River from Churchtown to the
STONE HOOK CREEK.......) Canal. Jean Paul Jaquett and his son
Paul owned a tract of land here, having acquired title prior to Lord
Berkeley's sale to Fenwick. On his arrival, Fenwick conveyed 300 acres
of this land to John Erickson, but after a session in court, Fenwick was
ordered by Gov. Andros and his Council to give Jaquett possession
of his land, which was done. (J-l03)

Letter from Gov. Andros to Commander and Justices at New Castle
"1676 - As for Jean Paul Jacquett, wuo has been dispossessed of some
land on the east side of Delaware River, of which he was in possession
at the last coming in of the English Government, he is to be
repossessed, and you are to take order about it..." (NJA-1:189)

"1688/9, Feb. 9. Deed. John Erickson to Paul Jacquett, both of Salem
Co., yeoman, for 300 acres at Steyne Hook, as surveyed by Richard
Hancock, then Deputy Surveyor Aug. 11, l676."(NJA-2l:589)

STOCKINGTOWN - Alloway Township. No vestige remains of the
stocking factory said to have been located in this vicinity, which is just
off the road from Alloway to Elmer. An old citizen who lived in the
neighborhood said his father remembered seeing the stockings hanging
on lines and fences to dry.



STONY POINT.....) Lower Alloway Creek Township. On the Delaware
STONY INLET.....) River near the mouth of Fishing Creek.

STONY ISLAND - See Meadow Banks.

STOW CREEK - Stow (or Stowe) Creek is the dividing line between
-Salem and Cumberland Counties, and in Colonial days was an
important waterway. An early name was "Unknown" Creek - also
"Mattocks Creek.

STRAIGHT DITCH - Elsinboro Township. Straight Ditch, which feeds
into the Delaware River, was dug by machinery thru what was known
in the early days as Ann's Grove, and was dug to give better drainage
to the surrounding meadows. Then shad fishing was an important
industry in the Delaware River, Straight Ditch was one of the harbors
where the fisherman tied up their fishing cabins.

STRAUGHN MILL ROAD - Upper Penn's Neck Township near

STUMPY ROAD - Lower Penn's Neck Township - leading from Route
40 to tine Auburn road.

SUNSET DRIVE - Mannington Township. A short road leading off the
Marshalltown road.

SUPAWNA - See Sapaney.


SWART HOOK......................) Penn's Neck - near Deepwater Point.
SWART HOOKE CREEK....)"169l, Aug. 18. Deed. ¡enry Jeans, of
Penn's Neck, Salem Co., West Jersey, yeoman - to his son Nathaniel
Jeans, Of the same place, planter - for 240 acres, part of the 540
acres granted under the name of Swart Hook by Deputy Gov. John
Berry to James Bollen, June 6, 1673, sold by said Bollen to Justa
Anderson of Cristiana Creek Aug. 28, 1677, and assigned by said Justa
to present grantor June 3, 1679. (NJA-21 :596)

1692, Aug. 18. Deed. William Penn to William Hanbey, of Penn's Neck,
husbandman - for 211 acres on said Neck, between John Jacobson, a
little marsh island near Swart Hooke Creek, Wappog John's Creek and
Henry Jeans." (NJA-21:646)

During the Revolutionary War, this point was fired upon, but no great
damage done. Cannon balls were later found here.

SWEDES RUN...........) Mannington Township. This run flows centrally
SWEDES BRIDGE....) across Mannington Township and feeds into
Mannington Creek.

SWEDES BRIDGE ROAD - Manningion Township. The road from
Mowers Station to Compromise Road, over Swedes Run.

SWING'S CORNERS - Now called Shirley - which see.

SWYNES POINT - Uper Penn's Neck Township. "1684, Dec. 20. Deed.
William Penn, Proprietor - to Lucas Peterson, of Lucas Point, planter,
for 100 acres along Delaware River, on the northside of Swynes Point,
adjoining John Erickson." (NJA-2l:644)

"1687, Aum. 13. Deed. Peter Peeters, of Lucas Point, Salem Co., west
Jersey, planter, son and executor of Lucas Peterson, of the same place,
deceased - to Lucas Peterson (Peters) of the same place, planter - for
100 acres on the northside of Swynes Point, adjoining John Erickson,
granted to the father by William Penn, Dec. 20, 1684." (NJA-21:587)



TADMORE - An early nickname for Alloway - which see. 57

TATTLETOWN - Quinton Township. A vicinity on the Woodmere
Road called Tattletown is described in an early publication as being
"on the road leading from the old toll gate to Jericho, before reaching
the Smith family burying ground." Harmony schoolhouse is in this

TELEGRAPH ROAD - Alloway Township, running between Alloway
and Marlboro. There is evidence that a telegraph line ran along this
road around 1860, mence the name. It was early the scene of much
activity, being the site of Blackwood's Mill, House's Mill and lake, and
Hazelhurst pond (now Paradise Lake). Near this road was also to be
found Loggerhead Hill and the floating islands in the swamp near

TEN ACRES CREEK - Near the southeast bounds of Salem and Nevill
St. "1685/6, Jan. 10. Patent. Executors of John Fenwick to Edward
Champneys, joiner, of 10 acres in New Salem, lately occupied by John
Maddocks, on Nevill's St., and the Ten Acres Creek." (NJA-2l:343)

TERRAPIN GUT - Lower Alloway Creek Township. See Mad Horse


THOROFARE - See Mad Horse Creek.

THUNDERBOLT - Elsinboro Township. On Salem-Hancock's Bridge
road. The Thunderbolt tract, in older days, consisted of 100 acres of
woodland, joining the Amwelbury tract, and was owned by Alexander
Grant. Thru the woods on the right of the road was Kildeer Run. To
the left, Thunderbolt race track was established and completed in 1869.
It was conducted by David and Frank Kelty at one time.

THUNDERGUST POND - Pittsgrove Township. Part of Parvin State
Park Which see.

TICKTOWN - See Elmer


TIDE MILL ROAD - Mannington Township. This old road, leading
west out of Claysville, was toe first road to both Penn's Neck (over the
Trap Causeway) and to Sharptown. A survey map of 1808 shows the
route to Sharptown, in part. (5CHSM-ll5)

TILBURY - Elsinboro Township. This section of marsh and swamp
borders on Salem River at the outskirts of Salem City. Of late years,
land has been blown in from the River and the vicinity made available
for home sites. No record of the origin of toe name Tilbury has been
found. An 1818 survey map shows the bounds of H. O. Johnson's
Tilbury Meadows. (SCJSy-ll6)

TIMBERMAN ROAD - Alloway Township - from Alloway Junction to
the Woodstown road.

TINDALL'S BOWRIE or BOWRRY - Manninoton Townsoip.
Although the Tindalls (or Tyndalls) at one tine owned land in Penn's
Neck, the plantation of Richard Tindall, Surveyor Geoeral of Fenwica's
Colony, called "Tindall's Bowrie', was in Mannington, adjoining the
manor of Fenwick Grove.

"1680, Aug. 23. latent. John Fenwlck to Richard Tyndall, of
Tyndall's Bowrie in the Manor 0f Fenwick's Grove, N.J., entle-
man, for 230 acres in said manor, on Tyndall's Run, East Fenwick
Creek, Hedges Run." (NJA-2l:568)



Survey for William Hall, 6-20-1690 - 100 acres joining Richard Tindall
bounds, then 'to a red oake standing in ye line of ye manor land of
Fenwick Grove." (SCHSU-93)

Survey for Willian Wilkinson on Hedge Creek, near Tindall's Bowrey
"being pte and pcell of the Manor of Fenwick Grove." (SCHSU-17)

"1702, May 8. Deed. Thomas Mason, of Tindall's Bowery, Salem Co.,
yeoman, and wife Elizabeth, to Richard Woodnutt, of Lefevor's Chase,
bricklayer - for 300 acres near the main creek, adjoining Samuel
Hedge's 500 acre lot called Virgins Spring, part of the 500 acres
bequeathed by Richard Tindall to his then wife, tie aforesaid
Elizabeth.' (NJA-21:632)

TINDALL'S RUN - See Tindall's Bowrie - also Garrett's Choice.

TINYTOWN - A vicinity in Lower Alloway Creek Township in Hell
Neck the home of various members of the Valentine family.

TONKIN'S ISLAND - Gloucester County - Situated in the Delaware
River near the mouth of Raccoon Creek.

TOWN LANDING - See Salem - Old Streets Of.

TOWN MARSH OF SALEM - 1685, April 30. Survey of the town
marsh of Salem by Richard Tindall - "beginning at the Town Landing,
joining Salem Creek; Windham; the bounds of John Smith of
Amwelbury; Gov. Penn's marsh - 560 acres." (SCHSU-25)

TOWNSHlPS OF SALEM COUNTY - Salem County was originally
divided into the following

Elsinboro (spelled various ways)
East Fenwick (now Mannington)
West Fenwick (afterwards Penn's Neck and Oldman's)
Pilesgrove Precinct (included both the Pittsgroves)
Monmouth Precinct (territory now included in Alloway,
Lower Alloway Creek andQuinton)
Salem Towne

ALLOWAY TOWNSHIP - See Monmouth Precinct for earlier
names and history. Alloway township is said to have been given its
name in honor of tie Indian chief Allowayes or Alloes, who was one
of the signers of Fenwick's first Indian deed dated Nov. 17, 1675 for a
vast tract of land which included this vicinity. (UD-2l)
Upper Alloway Creek was incorporated in 1798 (CC), but is now a
part of the present township. Alloway township is bounded on the
northwest by Mannington; northeast by Pilesgrove and Upper Pitts-
grove; southeast by Cumberland County; and southwest by Quinton
Township. (C&S). "Alloway' is mentioned as early as 1701 in a
compendium of censuses. The township was incorporated in 1884. (CC)

ELSINBORO TOWNSHIP - See Elsinboro Precinct for early history.
"Elsinboro' is mentioned as early as 1701 in a compendium of censuses.
Elsinboro townsuip was incorporated in 1798, (CC) and now contains
7,808 acres. It is located in the southwest part of the County and is
bounded on the north by Salem River and the City of Salem; east and
south by Alloway Creek; and west by the Delaware River. (C&S)

LOWER ALLOWAY CREEK TOWNSHIF - Originally part of the
64,000 acre Monmoutu Precinct - which see. The township was
incorporated in 1798 (cc). It originally contained part of tie 10,000 acre
Salter tract. Its boundaries are - Elsinboro, Salem andQuinton on the
north and northeast; Stow Creek and Cumberland Co. on the south
and east, and the Delaware River on tile south and west. (C&S)



- Formerly part of East
Fenwick. The township was settled very early by the Swedes, Finns,
Huguenots and French Protestants before the arrival of Fenwick in
1675. After Williain Penn became Proprietor of Salem Tenth, the
section was named Penn's Neck in his honor. 'Lower Penn's Neck' is
mentioned in a compendium of censuses as early as 1701. It was
incorporated in 1798. (CC). The township is bounded on the north by
Upper Penn's Neck; east and south by Salem Creek, which separates it
from Mannington and Salem; and west by the Delaware River. (C&S)

MANNINGTON TOWNSIiIP - Called Mannington Precinct or
Manning's Town in early days. It is said to have been named in honor
of Maneto, or Manning, a friendly Indian chief. Mannimgton Precinct
originally contained 28,000 acres. It is bounded on the north
by Upper Penn's Neck and Pilesgrove; east by Pilesgrove; south
by Alloway and Quinton townships; southwest by Salem; and west
by Lower Penn's Neck. Mannington Creek and Swedes Run flow
across the center of the township; Keasbey Creek cuts off its south-
west corner; Salem Creek, Fenwick Creek and Mannings Run have
their courses fully two-thirds of the distance around the town-
ship; Home Run rises here and flows into Salem Creek; Puddle
Dock and Pledger Creeks are branches of Fenwick Creek; and Hedge
Creek is one of the east bounds of Hedgefield. (c&S)

OLDMAN'S TOINSHIP - The latest organized of the Salem County
Townships forms the border between Gloucester and Salem Counties.
It is bounded on the east by Pilesgrove; south by Upper Penn's Neck
and west by the Delaware River. The township was created in 1881,
when it was set off from Upper Penn's Neck. It contains 11,782 acres.
The original purchase price of land here was an unbelievable 2*0 per
acre, the price paid by Roger Pedrick for 1,000 acres - total bill five
pounds. This tract of Fedrick's included the present village of

PILESGROVE TOWNSHIP or Precinct (in one place called Pilesgrove
Parish) (NJA-23:S8) Pilesgrove received its name from Thomas Pile (or
Pyle) an eminent Friend, who purchased 10,000 acres in 1682. (NJA-
2l:545) The township originally contained 84,000 acres, but was
reduced in area by the formation of Pittsgrove about the time of the
Revolutionary War. Pilesgrove is one of the northern tier of townships
in the County, and is bounded on the north by Gloucester County; on
the east by Upper Pittsgrove; on the south by Alloway and
Mannington Townships; and on the west by Upper Penn's Neck and
Oldman's townships. (C&S) It was incorporated in 1798. (CC)

PITTSGROVE TOWNSHIP - so-named in honor of Sir William Pitt,
the famous English stateman and orator, was set off from Pilesgrove in
1769. The township was incorporated in 1798. (CC) In 1821 Centerville
Township was incorporated from Pittsgrove, but was repealed in 1829.
In 1867, part of this township was annexed to Cumberland County,
but was restored in 1868. (CC) Pittsgrove is the most easterly of the
townships, and is bounded on the north by Gloucester County; east
and south by Cumberland County; west by Upper Pittsgrove. (C&S)

QUINTON TOWNSHIP Ð Tobias Quinton was an early landowner,
and the one for whom the township was named. In 1873 the township
was set off from Upper Alloway Creek. It is situated in the southern
part of the County, and is bounded north by Mannington; northeast
by Alloway; southwest by Cumberland County; southwest and west by
Lower Alloway Creek. (C&S)

SALEM TOWNSHIP - - Salem Township "where Major Fenwyck satt
downe" in the Fall of 1675, has not changed its boundaries to any great
extent over the years due to the fact that the locality is almost an
island, being surrounded as it is by Salem, Fenwick and Keasbey
Creeks and various small inlets and marshes in Elsinboro and



Tilbury. With the exception of Chestnut Terrace, no important
residential developments nave been made.

Salem Township, which Fenwick so-named because of its peaceful
aspect, did not remain entirely so for him. Although he encountered no
trouble with the Indians, and no floods or like contingencies arose, his
personal problems were great, and he early called a meeting: "1678,
May 29. Proclamation of John Fenwick, calling tie purchasers and
planters within the Township of New Salem to a meeting where he will
defend himself against the accusations of Jonn Edridge and Edmond
Warner (his mortagees), who by their treachery have ruined many
families, including Fenwick's, and 'jeberded' his life." (NJA-2l:558)

Salem Township is bounded on the northwest and north by Lower
Penn's Neck and Mannington; northeast by Mannington; southeast by
Quinton township; south by Lower Alloway Creek; and southwest and
west by Elsinboro. There is a point on the Maddentown road at the
bounds of Salem where four townships join - Quinton, Lower Alloway
Creek, Elsinboro and Salem townships.

UPPER PENN'S NECK TOWNSHIP - This township was erected by
the division of the former township of Penn's Neck (West Fenwick)
and in-corporated in 1798. (CC) Its territory was reduced by the
setting off of Oldman's Township in 1881. Upper Penn's Neck is
situated in the northwest part of the County, and is bounded on the
north by Oldman's; on the east by Pilesgrove; on the south by
Mannington and Lower Penn's Neck; and on the west by the Delaware
River. (C&S) It is mentioned as early as 1701 in a compendium of
censuses. (Cc)

UPPER PITTSGROVE TOWNSHIP - This township, on the northern
border of the County, was set off from Pittsgrove by an Act of
Legislature in 1846. It is bounded on the north by Gloucester County;
east by Pittsgrove and Gloucester Co.; south by Pittsgrove and
Cumberland Co.; southwest by Alloway; and northwest by Pilesgrove.

TRAP CAUSEWAY - The only route to Penn's Neck prior to 1810
when the Penn's Neck bridge was built, was either by ferry to
Supawna, in Lower Penn's Neck, or by the Trap Causeway in
Mannington. After crossing the creek to Claysville, traffic bound for
Penn's Neck turned to the left out Tide Mill Road, crossed over a
wooden bridge at what was called ttie Trap Causeway, where stood
a well-patronized and somewhat notorious inn. The causeway has
long since been abandoned, and both the bridge and tavern are gone.

TURNER'S FORK - Lower Alloway Creek Township. See Mad Horse

TURNIP HILL - Quinton Township. Some of the old-timers have said
that although marked on the maps as Turnip Hill, tills elevation, the
second one on the Quinton-Bridgeton Road, was originally known as
"Turn-up" hill. There formerly stood by the roadside a post and finger
marker which read: "At the top of the hill turn up for Blackwood's
Mill". From this sign, it is said, the hill took its name. Blackwood's
Mill, on the Telegraph Road, was an important woolen mill, but this
road leading to it from the Quinton-Bridgeton pike is now entirely

TWO BROTHERS - Later called Spring Hill. Manninaton Township.

"1688, May 8. Deed. Samuel Hedge, of Hedgefield, Salem Co.,
gentleman, to William Rumsey, of Manneton Creek, said Co., yeoman
for 500 acres called the Two Brothers, near the head of Salem Creek,
formerly surveyed for Hugh Huthings, half of the 1,000 acre tract
bought of Nicholas Demire, April 10, 1685." (N.JA-2l:592)

"1700, Sept. 29. Deed. Thomas Harding, of Philadelpnia, car-
penter - to Samuel Hunter, of Salem Co., husbandman - for 500 acres,



TWO BROTHERS (Continued)
called The Two Brothers, henceforth called Spring Hill, in said Co.,
near the head of F'enwick River, along Salem Creek. (NJA-2l:628)

TWO-PENNY RUN - This stream ambles thru Oldman's and the
center part of Upper PennÕs Neck townships, and feeds into Layton's



UNION GROVE - Pittsgrove Township. A fertile farming district west
of Norma. The early Methodist Church established here was in the
Broad Neck District.

UNKNOWN CREEK - The early name for Stow Creek - which see.



VALLEY PARK - Lower Penn's Neck Township. A settlement recently
developed on the Salem-Pennsvllle road near Mahoneyville.

VARKINS KIL..) Early name for Salem River - which see.

VICKERS RUN - Elsinboro Township. Boundary between land of
William Carpenter and Edward Bassett (SCHSM-93)

VICKERY'S CREEK - Mannington Township. A survey made in 1789
of Daniel Bilderback's farm shows Vickery's Creek. (SC.SU-l52)

VIRGIN SPRING - Mannington Township. 1687, Dec. 6. Survey for
Roger Carary - 500 acres of land called Virgin Spring "standing by
Salem Creek - division between Roger Carary and Richard Tindall,
then up the branch to ye head and into the woods to head of
Necomeces". (SCHSO-65)

"1693/4, Jan. 6. Mortgage - to Richard Darkin, Andrew
Thompson and Elizabeth Carary, executors of Roger Carary, on
250 acres of Virgin Spring, i.e. tne half next to the Burlington
Road." (NJA-2l:6o5)



WALNUT BEACH - See Silver Grove.

WAPPOG JOHN'S CREEK - Upper Penn's Neck Township. A
tributary above Deepwater Point.

"1692, Aug. 18. Deed. Governor Penn to



Wllliam Hanbey, of Penn's Neck, husbandrnan - for 211 acres on said
Neck, between John Jacobson, a little marsh island near Swart Hooke
Creek, Wappog John's Creek and Henry Jeanes." (NJA-21:646)

WARD'S STATION - Pittsgrove Township. The early railroad name of

WARNER ROAD - Mannington Township. Off the Sharptown road
leading - back to the old Kiger house and Salem Creek.

WASHINGTON - See Pleasant Hill.

WASSE TRACT - Pittsgrove Township. (See JEP-77,78,92).

"1675, July 12. - Patent. John Fenwick to James Wasse, of London,
citizen and Surgeon, for 5,000 acres in his Colony."(NJA-2l:564). He
was entitled to 10,000 acres. (NJA-2l:513). Survey Oct. 9, 1695 for 5,000
acres. (WJPR-A:24)

"1703, April 3. Mary Beers, of Salem Town, widow of Jonathan Beere
to Thomas Stanford, of Cape May Co., ropemaker - for 2 lots, one of
which is for "300 acres bought of James Wass and are part of the 5,000
acre tract near Morrisses' River called Qulahocking." (NJA-21:636)

This tract ran south of a line from Daretown to Friendship, and was
sold to William Biles in 1707. (WJD-P:387)

WATSESSETT - See New Albion.

WATSON'S RANTHROPE - Mannington Township. "1682, Nov. 1.
Patent. John Fenwick to Thomas Watson, of Ranthrope, Fenwick's
Colony, planter, for 200 acres, to be called Watson's Ranthrope, in the
Manor of Grove, on Mannaton or Fenwick's Creek." 01JA-21:569)

"1691, Aug. 17. Deed. John Smith, of Munrnouth River, alias Allaways
Creek, gentleman, to his son Samuel Smith, of Manneton Creek, said
Co., planter, for 500 acres near the head of Fenwick's, alias Manneton
Creek, in said Co., adjoining the plantation called Watson's
Ranthrope." (NJA-2l:596)

WEATHERBY'S HILL - See Mount Misery.

WEBB'S ARLADON - Mannington Township. "1683, Sept. 6. Patent.
John Fenwick to Edward Webb, of Webb's Arladon, Fenwick's Colony,
planter, for 300 acres in the Manor of Fenwick's Grove, on Fenwick's
Creek, adjoining Anthony Dixon. (NJA-2l:569)

WELCHVILLE - Mannington Township. On the road from Salem to
Woodstown, southwest of Mannington Hill. This hamlet was named for
Morris Welch, who owned a store here in 1846. At one time it also
contained a wheelwright and blacksmith shop, in addition to the

WEPS HOOK RUN - Oldman's Township. This small stream flows into
the Delaware River and is one of the dividing lines of the township.

WEST CREWKERNE WOODS - See Crewkerne Wood.

WEST FENWICK - See Townships.

WHIG LANE - Upper Pittsgrove Township. This vicinity in the
northwest part of the township derived its name, it is said, from the
many outspoken Whigs in the territory. At one time it contained stores,
a wheelwright and a blacksmith shop.

WHITEACRES PLANTATION - "1676, Aug. 12. Warrant to survey to
William Hancock, uncle of Richard Hancock, the surveyor, of 968



adjoining Robert Wade, in the whole allotment of Allowayes, to be
called Whiteacres Plantation; 16 acres in Salem and 16 in Chohansicke,
making up the 1,000 bought April 17, 1675." (NJA-2l:556)

WHITE'S DEEN - "1678, June 7. - Return of survey to Christopher
White, carpenter, of 984 acres to be called White's Dean, on Allowayes
Creek, alias Monmouth River, said river being the north bounds."

WHITE OAK PARK - Lower Penn's Neck Township. East Fittsfield
St., Pennsville, near the second bridge, formerly called London Bridge.

WHITE'S VINEYARD - Mannington Township. In Fenwick's Grove.
Mary White was John Fenwick's house-keeper, and came with him and
his family on the "Griffin" in 1675.

"1683, 1st d. 7th mo. (Sept.) Patent. John Fenwick to Mary White,
spinster, for 500 acres at Fenwick's Grove Neck, on Fenwick's River
and Fenwick's Grove Creek." (NJA-2l:569)

Fenwick's will bequeaths to his grandson, Walter Adams, "all that part
of the neck or tract of land which joyns to 500 acres of land sold to
Mary Whit now called Whit's Vineyard."

"1687, Nov. 15. Patent. Executors of John Fenwick, to Mary
White, of White's Vineyard, Salem Tenth, spinster, and Thomas
Yorke, of Fenwick's Grove, said Tenth, planter, for 500 acres in said
Tenth adjoining Thomas Pyle, on Necomisses Branch."(NJA-2l:57l)

"1696/7, Feb. 16. Lease. Edward Champneys, of Salem Co., joiner, to
John Allen, of the sane Co., yeoman, for 300 acres part of the 500 acres
called White 's Vineyard, bought of Thomas Yorke and wife Mary."

WICK CREEK - "1679, April 21. Deed. William Malster, of Windham,
on Delaware River, West Jersey, gentleman; his wife Katherine; and
her sister Frances Bowyer, late of Jver, County of Bucks, England,
spinster, to William Milton, of New Salem, West Jersey, yeoman - for
1500 acres on Wick Creek, between Edward Bradway, William
Johnson and Munmouth River, part of 5,000 acres granted to them by
John Fenwick Feb. 25, 1674/5." (NJA-2l:579)

WICK HILL HOUSE - Survey made 1695, May 27 - Farm in
Pilesgrove of James Nickson. (SCHSTj-98)

WIGGINS CORNER - See Salem - Old Streets Of.

WILKINSON'S BROWNE RIDGE - Mannington Township. Survey
warrant dated 4-18-1683 (signed by Fenwick.) To William Wilkinson -
200 acres lying "between Hedge Creek and the brooke that is the
bounds to the plantation of Tindall Bowrey .... calling the said 200
acres by the name of Wilkinson's Browne Ridge - being pte and pcell of
the Mannor of Fenwick Grove." (SCHSU-17)

WILKINSON'S WORKEING HOUSE - (Date destroyed). Inrolled 23d
May, 1679. Lease. Same to William Wilkinson, my late servant "for all
those houses & proell of land, w1 I built & cleared & in wch John
Adams now liveth," - 8 acres, to be called Wilkinsons Workeing House
(John Fenwick to William Wilkinson) (NJA-2l:34O)

WILLIS'S BRIDGE - On Alloway Creek - land of William Willis part
of the tract called Petersfield. (SCHSM-104)

WILLOW CAUSEWAY - In 1840 the willow causeway north of
Claysville was laid out to protect the exposed banks on the road from
Salem to the Pointers. Willows also protected a causeway on the road
from Salem to Penn's Neck; and on the road from the Pointers to
Slape's Corner, as well as other roads and causeways in the County.



WILLOW GROVE - Pittsgrove Township. This farming neighborhood,
on the eastern border of the County, was originally called Fork Bridge
or Fork Mills.

WINCHCOMB MANOR - Cumberland County. An old map (on
sheepskin, not dated) shows 'Winchcomb Manor to be what is now
Tumbling Dam Park, Bridgeton, and surrounding vicinity - with a list
of 54 property owners. (SCHSU-88)

WINDEE CORNER - See Sheppard's Corner.

WINDHAM.......) Elsinboro Township. Historians disagree on the
WINDHAM CREEK....) arrival of Robert Windham, for whom the
section of Elsinboro was named. Some say he never came to Fenwick's
Colony, although an early passenger list shows him as having arrived
on the "Griffin". These various and sundry lists, however, have not
always proved too reliable. It has also been stated that he was a
survivor of the unfortunate New Haven Colony. Shourds states that
Windham did live in Elsinboro and left one daughter, Ann, who
married Richard Darkin. Robert Windham's name does not appear in
the Archives regarding property transactions, which may be one reason
for the belief that he never came here.

The section called Windham appears first in the records in
1680: "Assignment. 1680, Sept. 25. William Malster, of Windham,
Township of New Salem, West Jersey, and wife Katherine, to Roger
Milton, of New Salem, yeoman, for Windham Neck, on Virkins Kill,
alias Salem Creek, and a small run emptying into it, between Samuel
Nicholdson, Edward Champney and Marcus Elger..."(NJA-2l:574)

"1691, Aug. 24. Deed. Robert Asuton, of George's Creek,
New Castle Co., Penna., yeoman - to Richard Darkin, late of the
same place, now of Windham, Salem Co., West Jersey, for one-half
of 380 acres, called Windham, the whole having been conveyed to
both by James Nevill November 11, 1686." (NJA-2l:596)

A small stream running thru this section of Elsinboro was known as
Windham Creek. It was formerly the second stream crossing Tilbury

WISTARBURG - Alloway Township. Also called "Glass House Farm".
Two miles northeast of Alloway, on Commissioner's Pike, is the site of
the first successful glass factory in the original colonies. In 1738, Caspar
Wistar, of Philadelphia (originally from Hilspach, Prussia) purchased
of Amos Penton 100 acres of land bordering on a branch of Alloway
Creek, on which tract he erected a factory, a general store, workens'
dwellings, and a mansion house. It was situated on what was then
called "the great road to Pilesgrove". The factory manufactured
window glass, variois kinds of bottles and flasks, pitchers, plates,
sweetmeat jars, and other useful items. Fancy glass horns were also
made and given as souvenirs to the then popular sleighing parties. Not
a vestige of this once busy industry is now in evidence - the rolling
green hills having again taken over. The New Jersey Commission of
Historic Sites erected the following marker:

",Wistarburg Glass Works - Alloway. Here Caspar Wistar began the
manufacture of glass in 1739. His son Richard carried on the business
till tue Revolution made it unprofitable. This was the beginning of an
industry important in South Jersey for 150 years."

WOODMERE - Quinton Township. This beautiful lake on the Jericho
road has, in times past, had a number of names - Easterville;
Chandler's Mill; Wood's Upoer Mill; at one time Elkinton's Pond; and
now Woodmere.

A grist mill was built in 1740 and called Chandler's Mill until
purchased by John S. Wood, when it became known as Wood's Upper
Mill. John S. Wood's daughter, Adeline, married Thomas Sinnickson,
and their children, John and Mary Sinnickson,


Woodmere (Continued)
inherited the property. Upon the death of her brother, Mary
Sinnickson became the sole owner of food's Upper Mill and the one at
Jericho. Both of these mills were burned on the same night, January 7,
1899, by an incendiary, with great financial loss to Miss Sinnickson.

This body of water was once celled Elkinton's Pond, which name was
later given the lake near Alloway from which the City of Salem derives

Wood's Upper lull property finally passed to the ownership of a group
of Salem residents, who erected summer cottages and gave the name of
Woodmere to the vicinity.

WOOD'S LANDING - Lower Alloway Creek Township. What is
referred to now as Stow Creek Landing was constructed prior to 1709
by John Barracliff, on Stow Creek.

WOOD'S UPPER MILL - See Woodmere.

WOODSTOWN...) Pilesgrove Township. In 1797 called Woodsboro.
WOODSBORO....) This residential town was named, it is said, for
Jaconias Wood, who built the first house here. The village was
incorporated as a borough in 1882. In former times it contained a
woolen mill; a tannery; wheelwright shops; canneries; a cabinetmaker;
and a locally famous clock-maker - George Hollingshead. The
Pilesgrove Friends' Meeting House was erected (ca) 1726. Woodstown is
the home of the "Monitor-Register".

WOOTSESSUNGSING - See Townships - Elsinboro. Also Elsin'ooro

WYNKOOP WOODS - Manninaton Township. At the time of the
Revolutionary far, all that land between the Stone Bridge over a
branch of Pledger Creek, and Red Bridge over Keasbey Creek on the
Salem line, then called "The Neck" or Quaker Neck" was heavily
timbered, and was long referred to as Wynkoop's Woods. Benjanin
Wynkoop was a British sympathizer, and thru fear that his property
might be confiscated, offered it for sale. A district school in Quaker
Neck was known as Wynkoop School.



YORkETOWN - Pilesgrove Township. This villare was named in honor
of Judge T. Jones Yorke. In former times the vicinity was one of some
importance on the W.J.S.S.R.R. It contained two stores, a church, a
school, a hotel, a blacksmith and wheelwright shop, a tomato cannery,
and the tile manufactury of Halnes & Sons. Assemblyman John Elwell
lived here. (See ELV:36).




(See GXNJ 24:57)

AG The American Genealogist, New Haven, Connecticut
Anthony Nelson, Seventeenth Century, Pa. & N. J., and
some of his Descendants - by Elmer G. Van Name (1962)

BR Writings of . J. S. Bradway

CC Compendium of Census 1726-1905, N.J. Department of State

C&S History of the Counties of Gloucester, Salem, and Cumberland,
N. J., by Cushing & Sheppard (1883)

CSB Old Inns and Taverns in West Jersey, by Chas. S. Boyer (1962)

CSC Craig's Salem County Wills, 1804-1830

DET Dutch Explorers, Traders and Settlers in the Delaware
Valley, by C. A. Weslager (1961)

D&S Bankers & Sluyter in Journal of a Voyage 1679-1680,
Memoirs, Long Island Historical Society 1:174 (1867)

ELV The Elwell Family, Southern N.J. by Elmer G. Van Name (1963)

GCE The True Origin of Old Gloucester County, N. J., by
Dr. Carlos E. Godfrey (1922)

J Genealogy of the Jaquett Family, by Edwin Jaquett Sellers
(Revision 1907)

JFS Major John Fenwick, by Frank H. Stewart (1939) Re-print 1964

JEP The Province of West Jersey, 1609-1702, by J. E. Pomfret

LS The Grants, Concessions and Original Constitutions of
New Jersey, by Learning and Spicer (Re-printed 1951)

NJA The New Jersey Archives

NJHSP Proceedings of the New Jersey Historical Society, Newark,

SAD Salem County Clerk's Office, Salem, N. J.

SCHB-l Salem County Hand Book (1903)

SCRB-2 Salem County Hand Book (1908)

SCHB-3 Salem County Hand Book (1924)

SCHM Salem County Historical Society - Survey Maps

SCHMN Salem County Historical Society - Manuscripts

SCHMP Salem County Historical Society - Miscellaneous Papers

SOHSCR Salem County Historical Society - Scrap Books

SCHSU Salem County Historical Society - Surveys

SCHW Salem County Historical Society Wills

SFO History and Genealogy of Fenwick's Colony, by
Thomas Shourds (1876)

SH History of Salem County, N.J., by Joseph S. Sickler (1937)

SJH South Jersey - A History, Lewis Historical Publishing Co.,
Alford N. Heston, Editor

TBT Tea Burning Town, by Joseph S. Sickler (1950)

UD Unrecorded Deeds at Salem County Historical Society (Index
published 1961)

USCC 150th Anniversary of the Constitution - Salem, N. J., by
U. S. Constitution Committee

VHS Vineland Antiquarian and Historical Society, &Iineland, N. J.
(and Magazine published by them)

WJD Secretary of State Records - Trenton N. J.

WJPB Proprietors of West Jersey (Surveyor's Office) Burlington,
New Jersey

YB Almanacs and Yerar Books - National Bank, Woodstown, N.J.



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